How to Send an E-mail Attachment

1.Go to your e-mail program.
2.Hit the New Mail button or Write Message button, depending on your application.
3.Type the address of the person you're sending the message to.
4.Type a subject in the subject line.
5.Add a message to the body of the e-mail as usual.
6.Click the Attachments button. Many programs have an icon of a paperclip for it. Also look for an Insert menu.
7.Browse your files to find the attachment you want to send.
8.Click on the file name. To select more than one file, click Control as you select another one.
9.Click the Attach button.
1..Click the Attachments button again and repeat the steps to send another file from a different location.
1..Hit the Send button when you're done. 
Change picture attachments to the JPEG format. They'll take up less space and send faster in that format. View "How to Save Files in Different Formats" for specific instructions. (See Related Hows.)
You might want to find out what formats the person you're sending the attachment to can open, to make sure that person can read it. Most word processors can read RTF (Rich Text Format). Web browsers can all open JPEG and GIF image files.
If you're sending files to a person who uses a modem, be careful about sending large files (300K or more), because they can take a long time to download. You might consider compressing your files with a utility such as WinZip or Stuffit. Your recipient usually needs to have the compression software as well, but some programs can make "self-extracting" files that decompress automatically. 
Warnings: AOL doesn't read MIME attachments. They show up as a bunch of letters that make no sense. (MIME is a way of compressing and sending files. If your e-mail program uses MIME, and you're sending to an AOL user, you may have to turn MIME off. See your program's sending options or preferences.)   Steps:
1.Open your e-mail program. Before you can send an e-mail message, your e-mail software must have the right configuration so it can send your mail.
2.Look for commands labeled Settings, Accounts or Options.
3.Check to be sure that your e-mail software displays the correct settings for your account. If you do not know these settings, your Internet Service Provider or e-mail service will be able to tell you what they are. You will need your POP server name and the SMTP server name.(The POP server is where your e-mail resides; the SMTP server is what transfers e-mail you send.)
4.This information need only be entered once, although you can go back and change it whenever you want. 
You may be prompted to supply your password. This is the password that you have arranged with your ISP or your e-mail provider. Enter the password when prompted.
Web-based e-mail doesn't need to be configured.  
Warnings: If you are sending e-mail from someone else's computer, the e-mail will go out with his name and return address unless you configure the software first. 
Sending the Message

5.Open your e-mail software.
6.From the Message menu, select New Message. A window will open.
7.Type the recipient's e-mail address in the To field.
8.Type an appropriate subject in the Subject Field.
9.Type your message into the message box.
1..Click Send. Some software applications will send your message immediately. Others may wait until you issue a second command to send all outgoing messages. 
If your recipient has been entered in your Address Book or has been assigned a nickname in software that uses the Nickname feature, you can use Message-Send To or Select Recipient. This will open the message with the recipient's e-mail address automatically entered.
Be sure to keep your Subject lines clear and concise. People who get a lot of e-mail appreciate easily understood subjects, such as "Dinner Party Thursday Nov. 14" as opposed to "mmmmm." Especially with so much junk e-mail (spam) floating around, your recipients will appreciate a good Subject line.    Steps:
1.Go to the Home screen.
2.Click on the Mail icon.
3.Scroll left with the left arrow button on the keyboard.
4.Scroll up with the up arrow button on the keyboard and click Write.
5.Type an address in the To box, or scroll left and click on Address to choose one from the address book.
6.Arrow down to Subject box and type in a subject.
7.Arrow down to the main message area and type your message.
8.Scroll down to the bottom of the page and click Send. 
If you're sending to another WebTV address, you only need to type the person's user name, not the part.
You can send to more than one person at a time. Follow the first recipient's address with a comma, then type the next address.
Add addresses you use often to your address book so you don't have to type them.
Make sure your Subject lines are clear and concise so your recipients have a good idea of what the message is about. People who get a lot of e-mail appreciate messages titled "Dinner Party Sunday the 13th" as opposed to "Lobster."    Steps:
1.Sign on to AOL.
2.Click on My AOL in the top toolbar.
3.Click on Screen Names.
4.Click on Edit Parental Controls Settings.
5.Choose the name you want to give privileges to from the Edit Controls For box.
6.Click on Additional Master.
7.Check the box next to "Designate this screen name as a master screen name."
8.Click Save.
9.Click OK. 
This will give the user full control of AOL privileges.
The new master can check the account billing, change the parental controls of the other screen names, go anywhere on the Web, and get and send e-mail.
You are allowed to create only three master screen names.   Steps:
1.Sign on to the Home screen with your subscriber name.
2.Click on Settings.
3.Click on Extra Users.
4.Click on the user name you want to set restrictions for.
5.Click on "No web restrictions" to change the restrictions for Web viewing.
6.Click on either "Unrestricted access," "Surfwatch screening" or "Kid-friendly only" to set the kinds of Web pages the user can view. Unrestricted users can view all sites. Surfwatch screening blocks sites deemed "mature" viewing by the Surfwatch software. Kid-friendly only lets the user see sites that have been marked by the software as appropriate for children.
7.Click on "Can use e-mail" to let the user send and receive mail or click on "block e-mail" if you want to disable mail. Then click Continue.
8.Click on "No chat restrictions" to change chat restrictions.
9.Choose "Public rooms only" or No Chat, then click Continue. No Chat prevents the user from entering any chat rooms. "Public rooms" means that the user can't engage in "private" chats with individual chat users.
1..Click on "Can build web pages" to change that restriction.
1..Click the checkmark to prevent the user from creating Web pages, then click Continue.
1..Click Done three times.   

How to Recognize an Urban Legend

1.Listen carefully to the story. Have you heard it before from another source?
2.Keep in mind that legends keep getting updated. A local story you heard in Newark three years ago might be the same, except now it takes place in Boise.
3.Note who it happens to. Urban legends notoriously happen to FOAFs - a friend of a friend. This is a good tip-off.
4.See if there is an element of horror or humor to the story. Urban legends are almost like modern-day fables, meant to teach people a lesson, though some are rather subtle.
5.Remember that not all urban legends are false, though most are.
6.Consider what the story is saying. Many could be true, but they can't be verified.
7.Check out the Web sites that list urban legends and familiarize yourself with the common ones. Chances are good that you'll see some that you have believed as true stories. Don't feel bad. It happens. 
Tips: Use common sense. One urban legend says that burglars scan the newspaper obituaries to find the homes of potential targets. Well, that one happens to be true. Another says that the position of the hooves on equestrian statues indicates how the riders died. Not true, and when one considers the nature of artists....   

How to Move to a New Home With a Cat

Before the Move
1.Obtain a copy of your cat's veterinary records to give to the vet in the new area.
2.Call the state veterinarian in the capital of the state you're moving to. Find out if you need to provide any paperwork to bring your cat into the state.
3.Call the town or village hall in the new locale. Ask about licensing requirements.
4.Make arrangements for your cat to travel with you in a car or by air. Cats are not permitted on trains or buses. 
Get a health certificate from your vet. Some states require that this be presented at the border before entering the state, even if you're just passing through.
If your cat will travel by air, purchase a carrier for her to travel in. 
Warnings: Take time to reassure and love your cat. The move may cause some depression or nervousness. 
When You Move

5.Feed your cat five to six hours before you move. Let her drink two hours before you leave the house. Give the cat medication if she gets overly excited or nervous while traveling.
6.Bring food and water. Make frequent stops to exercise your cat and let her drink.
7.Keep your cat confined while you move in. Release her when all doors and windows are closed so she can't escape. Take time to help her become used to the new house.
8.Use the same food and water bowls, bedding, litter box and toys, and put them in a location similar to where they used to be.
9.Take your cat out on a leash until she's familiar with the yard and neighborhood.
1..Maintain your cat's regular schedule in the days after the move.
1..Make an appointment with a local vet and take in your cat's records. 
Talk to your vet before you move about medication to calm the cat.
After your cat is used to the area, release her for short periods of time and call her and reward her with a treat when she comes. This will teach your cat not to run away.
Confine your cat to the house if she roams for too long.  Steps:
1.Keep pets away from toxic houseplants and outdoor plants. Toxic plants commonly found around the house include mistletoe, schefflera, philodendrons, dumb cane and caladium.
2.Avoid confining pets in areas where cleaning products and other chemicals are stored.
3.Store toxic chemicals in closed containers inside cupboards and cabinets.
4.Clean up any spilled chemicals thoroughly, especially antifreeze, before letting pets into the area where a spill has occurred.
5.Store sharp objects and utensils (knives, razors and scissors) where pets cannot get to them.
6.Keep chocolate and foods containing chocolate in areas where your dog cannot reach them. Chocolate is toxic to dogs.
7.Secure electrical cords and deter pets from chewing on them by spraying them with bitter apple spray or other discouraging scents (see "Prevent Pets From Chewing on Electrical Cords," under Related Hows).
8.Be cautious and watch for your pets when entering or exiting the house and driveway.   

How to Tune a Harp

1.Use the tuning key that came with your harp, or purchase a tuning key from a harp store, the shopping list or the accessories section of a harp Web site.
2.Purchase an electronic tuner.
3.Note that the harp's C strings are color-coded red, and its F strings, black.
4.Begin with the middle C string and work your way down the strings and then back up. This makes your starting place easy to remember.
5.Place the tuning key into the string peg at the top of the harp.
6.Turn the tuning key little by little in the direction that brings the electronic tuner needle to the center of the note you are tuning.
7.Turn the key clockwise to raise the pitch and counterclockwise to lower the pitch.
8.Remove the tuning key carefully. Pull it straight out from the peg to avoid changing the string's tune.
9.Tune your strings before each practice and performance session.
1..Loosen the strings if you will not be using your harp for awhile. Atmospheric changes affect harp strings and will cause them to go out of tune. 
It is best to tune up to a pitch. If the pitch is too high, loosen the string slightly and then tune it.
If you purchase a new string, plan to tune it several times during your initial practice session. After two or three sessions, it should be adjusted and require only simple adjustments like the rest of your strings.
Prices of electronic tuners vary greatly. You can purchase a high-end Sony chromatic tuner for around $90 or a simple Korg electronic tuner for around $20. There is little noticeable difference between the two. 
Warnings: It's easy to mistakenly turn the peg of a string adjacent to the one you're trying to tune!   Steps:
1.Tune in as Janis Joplin burns the blues down to hard rock.
2.Fly away on a Jimi Hendrix magic guitar ride.
3.Close your eyes and listen to the dark poetry of Jim Morrison and the Doors.
4.Do a little California dreamin' when Cass Elliott's voice soars through the "Mamas and the Papas" songbook.
5.Drive hard down Dixie highways with Southern rocker Duane Allman and the Allman Brothers Band.
6.Delve into the discography of Gram Parsons, the country/rocker who influenced the Byrds and the Eagles.
7.Listen to the lyrics of Jim Croce and Harry Chapin, singer/songwriters whose '60s anthems touched hearts until their deaths in tragic accidents.
8.Imagine John Lennon and the influence he had on rock music, both as a Beatle and as a solo artist. 
Keep on Rockin'

9.Find a Bob Dylan performance; watch and listen as an American original brings eclectic acoustic and electric poetry to the stage.
1..Check out Tom Petty, the Florida rocker who might turn up anywhere.
1..Follow Rod Stewart as he roams from rock to disco and back again.
1..Go back to rock fundamentals with Bob Seger and his Silver Bullet Band.
1..Respect Aretha Franklin's talents in carrying the Motown sound across the nation.
1..Hold on to 16 as long as you can with John Mellencamp.
1..Watch the Boss - Bruce Springsteen. No one works harder. 
Happy Together - More or Less

1..Take it easy with the Eagles.
1..Go your own way with Fleetwood Mac.
1..Get satisfaction with the Rolling Stones - still recording, still touring, still rockin'.
1..Follow a stairway to heaven with the wild vocals and guitar of Led Zeppelin.
2..Listen to the second American revolution in the words of the Creedence Clearwater Revival.
2..Soar with the silky harmonies of Crosby, Stills & Nash, a discography of quality rather than quantity.
2..Feel the good vibrations of the Beach Boys, whose harmony comes in quantity and quality.
2..Take a magical mystery tour with the Beatles, the seminal group in the rock revolution.
2..Remember those who glitter brightly in our memories - Queen, Steppenwolf, the Byrds, the Who, Cream, Buffalo Springfield and the Kinks. 
Overall Tips: Rock 'n' roll rang out as good-times music with a rebel edge until the Beatles brought a bright sophistication in melody and lyrics with the release of "Revolver" and "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band."   
Overall Warnings:
Drugs, alcohol and tragic accidents have cut a devastating swath through the pioneers of rock, including many of those behind the scenes, such as the Beatles' manager, Brian Epstein.
Early LPs and 45 rpm records can be collector's items. For listening pleasure, look for digitally remastered CDs.  

How to Buy a Living Christmas Tree

1.Go to a garden center or plant store.
2.Choose a tree that is an appropriate size - remember to consider not just how big a Christmas tree you want but how much you can carry (or whom you can beg a favor from) and how much outdoor room you have for it to live in when Christmas is over.
3.Make sure the tree is healthy: every tree that's been hanging around outdoors will have a few spiders on it, but huge numbers of bugs are the sign of a sick tree.
4.Check the color; different pines are different shades of green, but if it's mostly brown it's a poor choice.
5.Run your hands along the branches: the needles should be springy and most of them should hold on to the branches, even when you tug on them gently.
6.Use old newspapers or plastic bags to tuck around the trunk so the dirt from the pot doesn't spill out when you tip it over to put it in your car. Many garden centers will pack and load the tree for you. 
Tips: Ask your garden center what kinds of trees do well in your climate - particularly if you're planning to put the tree in the ground when Christmas is through.   

How to Make Noodle Kugel

1.Preheat oven to 325 degrees.
2.Cook noodles according to package directions.
3.Cream 1 stick of the butter (softened) and 1/2 cup sugar together until light and fluffy.
4.Beat in the cream cheese, egg yolks, sour cream and vanilla.
5.Fold in the cooked and drained noodles.
6.Beat the egg whites until stiff peaks form, then fold into the noodle mixture.
7.Turn out into a greased baking dish and bake for 15 minutes.
8.Make the topping by gently combining the cinnamon and corn flakes, and the remaining butter (1/2 stick, melted) and sugar (3 tbsp.).
9.Scatter the topping over the kugel and bake for 25 more minutes (40 minutes total). 
Tips: Add 3/4 c. raisins, soaked for ten minutes in boiling water and then drained, to the noodles for a variation.   

How to Replace Strands on Outdoor Lights

1.Identify the strand that is out by tying a bright-colored ribbon on it or marking it in some other way.
2.Turn off all the lights.
3.Unplug the set from any sets it is attached to, and remove only the burned-out one.
4.String a new set in place of the old one — be sure to test it first!
5.Plug all the strings back together and turn the lights back on.
6.Be sure that the string you are replacing matches the new one. If you are removing a string of 25 white, 5-watt, C-7 twinkle lights, make sure you put in a string the same size, color, type and wattage. 
Tips: Always use small strings of lights. That way, if one goes out, it is much faster to replace. 
Warnings: Check the string you removed. Is the problem just a burned-out bulb, or is the wiring damaged? Make sure that the new string is not in danger if you discover damage to the old one.   

How to Prevent Termites Naturally

1.Inspect your property annually, using a plan of each structure to ensure consistent and thorough monitoring. Keep yearly records and track insect damage.
2.Identify infestations and type of termites (subterranean, dry wood and so on). Look for the characteristic mud tunnels of burrowing termites and for termite "dirt" piles under wood ceilings and structures, the telltale signs of dry wood termites.
3.Use termite-resistant building materials whenever possible. Redwood, cedar and juniper are all wood species that are less favorable to termites.
4.Eliminate standing water and chronically moist soil near your home. Termites need moist soil to survive and are attracted to wet areas.
5.Lay films of 6mm polyethylene in crawl spaces under foundations as a moisture barrier between the soil and subfloor framing.
6.Create and maintain good cross-ventilation through foundation wall vents to keep those crawl spaces as dry as possible.
7.Slope all exterior grades away from wood structures to maintain good drainage.
8.Prune back plants close to your home to prevent moisture and mold buildup on wood walls.
9.Water away from your home and adjust sprinklers to keep them from spraying directly onto wood walls and siding.
1..Seal all wood exposed to moisture using a weather sealer, especially exterior window frames and the bottom of wall edges.
1..Move all wood scraps and debris away from wood structures.
1..Create sand barriers in crawl spaces and under fence posts, patios and steps to deter subterranean termites. These termites cannot tunnel through sand.
1..Dig trenches 4 inches deep and 6 inches wide around wood structures. Fill the ditch with 16-grit sand (granules that are too large to be carried away and too small to be used to construct tunnels).
1..Fill cracks and repair broken seals in foundations and patios with 16-grit sand. This is especially helpful after foundation settling and earthquake damage. 
Tips: Termites are a real problem for home owners. While these preventative measures do work, it's best to have a professional termite exterminating service inspect your home every couple of years.  
Warnings: When consulting a professional, be aware that many of the products used are extremely poisonous and leave toxic residues in your walls, carpets, furniture and so on for years. Find a service that uses nontoxic remedies such as electrogunning, heat, microwave and deep freeze to rid your home of existing termite infestations.    

How to Render Suet

1.Obtain a pound of raw suet from your grocer or butcher.
2.Cut suet into 1-inch pieces.
3.Put suet into pan and turn heat on low. Use an electric skillet, a sturdy pan in your oven or a large skillet on your stovetop.
4.Pour fat, as suet melts, into another heat-proof container.
5.Discard leftover chunks, when all suet has been rendered.
6.Add 3 c. (combined) cornmeal, peanut butter, raisins, and shelled nuts or bread crumbs before fat becomes solid.
7.Pack suet mixture in smaller containers such as empty tuna cans, empty milk cartons or empty coffee cans. Or put entire suet mix in bowl or pan.
8.Put containers in refrigerator to harden and keep fresh.
9.Put suet "cakes" into suet feeders, pack suet mix into empty holes in logs or trees or put suet in netted bags and suspend from a tree. 
Suet that is not rendered may be put out for birds, but it spoils faster than rendered suet.
Suet may not be as popular with birds where the climate is warm year-round.
If rendering suet is too much trouble, purchase ready-made suet cakes at a pet or wild bird store. 
Carefully watch temperature of the suet. Overheated fat can catch fire.
Remove or replace suet when it shows any sign of becoming rancid.   

How to Fertilize a Lawn

1.Time fertilizing to meet your lawn's needs. Let the lawn green up and mow it once or twice before applying a lawn food formula in spring.
2.Choose a lawn fertilizer made for your type of turf grass. Read the label to be sure it lists your grass (bluegrass or zoysia, for instance) and to see how often you can use it.
3.Use "new lawn" or "starter" formulas for seed, sod or sprigged lawns less than 2 years old. You'll appreciate the thickening effect they deliver in the first seasons.
4.Select slow-release, granular complete fertilizers for established lawns - they deliver a consistent supply of nutrients during the lawn's fastest growth times. Avoid fertilizers that have only one ingredient (such as nitrogen or potassium) unless a soil test indicates you should apply them.
5.Borrow or buy a fertilizer spreader and be sure you understand how to calibrate it for your lawn's favorite granular food. Walk behind the spreader at a good pace (but don't run), and make a pattern that covers each area of the lawn only once.
6.Know that water-soluble lawn food doesn't last long in the soil, and plan to reapply it as directed on the label. Spray with caution - cover each section only once to avoid overfeeding.
7.Fertilize at least one more time during the growing season, and apply a winter formula in early fall if one is recommended for your lawn grass. Don't worry if you forget, though - research says that once a year, whenever you remember, is fine for established turf. 
Fertilizing a very dry lawn can burn stressed turf.
Remember not to use agricultural fertilizers on true turf grasses - save them for the pasture.
Apply fertilizer and weed-control products separately rather than in combination products. 
Always wear gloves when handling fertilizers and pesticides.
Wear a dust mask when handling fertilizers to prevent inhaling dust.
Spilled fertilizers can burn turf and other plants. Flood the area with water immediately to lessen the damage.  Steps:
1.Scrape any existing weeds off the growing area (or solarize first - see Solarize Soil).
2.Amend your soil (see Choose a Soil Amendment), which will give your lawn the best chance to outgrow its weeds and pests. Add organic fertilizers (as directed by a soil test) and an inch of organic compost; till these into the top 2 inches of native soil.
3.Rake the area so that it's smooth and will drain well.
4.Choose the toughest lawn grass that will grow where you live - the one most resistant to common pests. Ask about your neighbors' varieties and also check the lawns around public buildings and other commercial sites that get little care and still look good.
5.Plant sod for the strongest start but use plugs, seeds and stolons to save money if you can water daily at first. Or consider a combination - sod for the public areas and an alternative in areas with less traffic and visibility.
6.Water newly planted turf daily; by the second year, you should reduce the frequency to once a week at most. Always water deeply but not to the point of causing runoff, and time your watering so that grass blades can dry by nightfall.
7.Begin mowing the lawn when it reaches 3 inches tall and then cut to recommended heights, depending on the type of grass you choose. Mow often enough so that you cut no more than a third of the leaf surface off each time.
8.Be vigilant about weeds and pests. Pull offenders as they first sprout and take action against diseases and insects that try to invade.
9.Make lawn care a calendar event for success - rake early, fertilize after green up and again at midsummer. Learn about biocontrols for specific lawn insects in your area and use them.
10.Spread a 1-inch layer of compost on the lawn each year in the spring to keep organic matter replenished. 
Just want green and organic? Let the native grasses and broadleaf ground covers take over (especially in shady, dry or boggy areas), then feed once a year in spring and "mow what grows."
Apply garden lime or sulphur only when a soil test says you need it.