1.See "How to Get Photographs Onto a Computer" if you need to get the photograph onto the computer.
2.Use a paint program to resize the image and to crop out any unnecessary space in the photograph. Lighten overly dark areas, erase "red eye" and make any other changes necessary.
3.Print a copy of the edited photograph to see how it will look in the greeting card.
4.Design your greeting card around your family's photograph. Putting the photograph on the front draws attention to the card, and the recipients will think of you each time they see it.
5.Use a paint program to add a classic border or funny special effects to your photograph.
6.Add text to match any special effects.
7.Don't forget the back of the card. Show your efforts with a "Made by" signature on the back of the card.
8.Print your completed greeting card on your printer's lowest-quality, black-and-white settings first. This allows you to view any mistakes and make sure the elements are lined up correctly.
Printers that have the double-sided printing option may allow you to print several cards at once. Consult your printer's manual.
Purchase matching envelopes or decorate your own envelopes with matching clip art or greetings. Some programs even have templates for envelope making; this is a fun activity for older children.
1.Face forward with one leg ahead of the other. Keep your legs about shoulder-width apart (front stance).
2.Keep both hands open with fingers extended, but held together.
3.Raise the arm closest to your lead leg with the palm facing up. Start about a fist-width above your lead leg. At the same time, lower the other arm with the palm facing down. Start at chest level about a fist-width away.
4.Make contact with the attacker's limb at the joint (knee or elbow) using the opposing force where the palms meet.
5.Continue pressing the palms in opposite directions until the attacker is immobilized.
Tips: To add power to a pressing block, lower your body as you push downward.
Practicing the martial arts is an inherently dangerous activity that can result in serious injury or death. We recommend that you seek proper training and equipment before attempting this activity.
If you have any condition that would impair or limit your ability to engage in physical activity, please consult a physician before attempting this activity.
1.Make sure you have a valid driver's license. An American license will suffice in western European countries; if you're planning to drive to eastern Europe or elsewhere, obtain an international driver's license before you arrive.
2.Call a travel agency three weeks before your trip and let it know the dates you wish to rent a car, and where you'll want to drive. Since many American car rental agencies have European counterparts, you can easily check rates or availability and book or cancel a reservation online.
3.Book the car, keeping in mind that European rentals are frequently stick-shift. Choose the model, size and dates of your rental.
4.Determine where you wish to pick up and drop off the car. For a fee, which varies widely depending on the country, you can drop the car off at a different location from where you picked it up.
5.Prepay for the car or make a deposit.
6.Review European street signs and driving laws before you get behind the wheel. Be aware that the auto accident fatality rate in Europe is about four times higher than that in the United States.
Rentals in Europe can be very expensive, especially in Italy, France and Scandinavia. Also remember that a value-added tax of 6 to 33 percent will be added to the cost of the auto rental.
European cars are often much smaller than American cars; avoid bringing excess luggage.
Most car rentals in Europe require a minimum age of 25 to rent a car, but this age limit varies by country.
Parking is often difficult in major cities, and gasoline is about three times the cost of gas in the United States.
Plan to spend an additional $8 to $20 per day for complete insurance coverage.
Beware of companies taking advantage of travelers. Look for damage before you take the car, and avoid signing anything you don't understand.
Authorities can trace parking tickets back to your credit card, so pay a ticket if you get one.
1.Structure the landscape so the tallest plants (trees, tall shrubs) are the farthest from the house. Work your way toward the house with ever-smaller plantings (dwarf shrubs, ornamental grasses, low-growing perennials and annuals).
2.Place shade trees, the tallest components in the landscape, about two-thirds of the distance from the house to the curb and close to property lines. By putting them on the edges of the property, rather than the center, the front garden will seem wider and the house will seem shorter. The trees will also help to visually separate your home from the houses next door.
3.Layer plantings to add perceived depth by setting up slightly wavy planting beds in the front yard, if the house is 20 or more feet from the street. Place these planting beds, along the left and right sides of the walkway leading to the front door, about 5 feet from the sidewalk that's next to the street and roughly parallel to it.
4.Enhance depth by changing the levels of the ground in the front yard if you can't do a wavy planting. This can be accomplished by means of a low retaining wall or terraces.
5.Avoid putting tall trees beside the front door; they will accentuate the height of the house.
6.Use wide walkways to accentuate the horizontal plane of the yard. Five feet is an ideal width.
7.Install walkways, retaining walls and other masonry in dark colors. Dark colors recede, making the house seem farther from the street, and appear shadowy, underscoring the lot's depth.
8.Choose trees with narrow growth habits so they don't gobble up the space in the yard. 'Aristocrat' ornamental pear trees, Savannah hollies and crape myrtles are good examples.
9.Remember that less is more. Too many elements in the landscape - plants as well as fountains, wishing wells, birdbaths, benches and statuary - give the same impression as excess furniture in a room: the space seems small.
Tips: Have a plan before you shop.
1.Wait for your child to invite you to play or ask whether you can join in sometime.
2.Let your child pick who will get which dolls.
3.Ask your child whether there is anything in particular the dolls will be doing, such as going camping, going shopping or getting dressed for a big event. Feel free to suggest some fun things for the dolls to do.
4.Expect to spend a lot of time dressing and undressing the dolls. This is most of the fun of playing with fashion dolls. Your child may express creativity by coming up with some wild outfits.
5.Know that you will be expected to move and speak for the dolls that have been assigned to you. This means you will have to remember all of the dolls' names. When you make a fashion doll walk, you do not move the legs scissors style. Just bounce the doll along as if it were walking.
6.Start a conversation between one of your dolls and one of your child's dolls. Play along with whatever scenario your child is making up, but feel free to add to it and embellish the story as you go.
7.Be prepared to have to do different hairstyles for the dolls.
8.Understand that children use dolls to help them work out emotions and problems they experience but cannot verbalize. This means the dolls may fight, say unpleasant things to one another or get upset. This does not mean your child is weird. The child is using the dolls as an outlet. Try using one of the parent dolls to express your opinion of what is happening or find a way for the dolls to work out their problems.
9.Try not to impose on your child your idea as to what the dolls should be doing. Participate, but don't control the game.
Tips: Try making clothes and furniture for the dolls with your child as a fun craft activity. You will find many items around your house that lend themselves to this kind of project.
Warnings: Fashion dolls are not for children under the age of 3 years, as they may come with small parts that can cause choking.
1.Find a large, deep trash container or party tub that at least two people can get their heads into at the same time.
2.Set trash container on ground, or place tub on a table or cart strong enough to hold it when it is full of water. The top of the trash container or tub should be about waist-high to participants in the game.
3.Fill tub with water, leaving 4 to 6 inches of space at the top so that water doesn't slosh out.
4.Float several apples in water.
5.Place some towels at base of the tub so that the floor won't get wet, if playing inside.
6.Select first two or three players and have them put their hands behind their backs.
7.Say, "Go," and have players try to grab an apple with their teeth, all at the same time. The first to bring an apple up wins.
8.Provide towels for all players. Even losers will be wet.
A tub filled with water is extremely heavy. Make sure you have some provision for transporting it back and forth.
With small children, you can put a tub on the floor and let them bob while on their knees.
To make the game harder, take the stems off the apples.
Playing in heats of two or three players helps reduce head-banging.
Between heats, you may wish to remove bitten apples from the tub and replace them with fresh ones.
1.Choose a breed. Dwarf or giant breeds make good show animals and pets. The medium-sized breeds make good meat for family consumption.
2.Choose a healthy, happy rabbit from a reliable breeder.
3.Provide proper housing. Read "How to House Rabbits," under Related Hows.
4.Keep a buck for breeding. Read "How to Breed Rabbits," under Related Hows.
5.Provide fresh water and feed daily. Read "How to Feed Rabbits," under Related Hows.
6.Keep salt in the hutch for the rabbits.
7.Put a nest box in with a bred doe for her to have her litter in.
8.Provide bedding in the nest box such as clean straw, hay or shredded newspaper.
9.Keep the nest box clean. Use only dry bedding material, and use less nesting material in the summer so the babies won't get too hot.
Warnings: Do not use cedar shavings as nesting material. The oil from the cedar is dangerous for rabbits.
1.Determine if the surrounding scene is safe (see "How to Maximize the Safety of an Emergency Scene During First Aid").
2.Determine if the injured child is breathing (see "How to Check Airway, Breathing and Circulation"). If not, continue with the steps below. ( Image a.)
3.Position the injured child on his or her back, being extremely careful not to move or twist the head, neck or spine. If several rescuers are present, use their assistance to minimize this danger (for a related technique, see "How to Logroll an Injured Person").
4.Maintain an open airway while you pinch the injured child's nose shut. ( Image b.)
5.Give two long, slow breaths, being sure to maintain a seal between your mouth and the child's. ( Image c.) click photos to enlarge
Tips: Use latex gloves and a breathing mask to prevent infection and disease transmission.
"Child," for these purposes, refers to people from approximately age 1 to approximately age 8, depending on speed of development. (For infants, see "How to Provide Rescue Breathing for an Infant During First Aid.")
If breaths do not go in, retilt the head and try again. If breaths still do not go in, the airway may be obstructed (see "How to Clear an Obstructed Airway").
Be careful not to give breaths that are too large, since the child's lungs are probably smaller than yours. Breathe just enough so that the chest rises gently.
If you suspect a spinal injury (see "How to Rule Out a Spinal Cord Injury During First Aid"), do not tilt the chin to open the airway. Instead, with one hand on each side of the head, and facing the injured child's toes, put your index and third fingers in front of the earlobes and push the jaw forward and up.
If this method doesn't open the airway, revert to the chin-tilt method: The injured child's most drastic need is for oxygen.
If the child has a severe injury to the mouth, give breaths through the nose while keeping the child's mouth sealed shut.
6.Check again for breathing and pulse (see "How to Check Airway, Breathing and Circulation").
7.Give one slow breath every 3 seconds for 20 breaths if the child is still not breathing but has a pulse.
8.Repeat the steps in this section until help arrives, until the injured child begins breathing again, or until you are too exhausted to continue.
Maintain an open airway at all times.
Keep the injured child's nose pinched shut when you give breaths.
Keep your eyes on the chest as you give breaths, making sure it rises gently, indicating that your breaths are going in.
Contact your local chapter of the American Red Cross for information on first aid classes near you.
Contact the Wilderness Medicine Institute or the National Outdoor Leadership School for information on wilderness medicine courses and books.
If the injured child vomits, turn the child onto his or her side - extremely carefully if you suspect a spinal injury - and wipe out the mouth. Return the child to the supine position and continue rescue breathing.
This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment.
Prevention and Preparation
1.Get a thorough checkup before participating in wilderness activities if you are over age 50 or if you have a family history of early heart disease. Participation in wilderness activities without a physician's clearance not only puts your own life at risk but may also jeopardize the lives of your companions if evacuation becomes necessary.
2.Obtain all of the prescribed medications your physician recommends, even if some are restricted for special circumstances that you do not anticipate encountering on your outing.
3.Carry all prescribed medications and instructions for use at all times, and make certain that trip leaders are informed of where these medications are kept and of missed doses.
4.Follow all of your physician's instructions concerning limitations of activities.
5.Supply your trip leader or guide with the following from your physician: a description of your condition; limitations and clearances for participation in particular activities; descriptions of all the medications you will be taking and their indications; contact information for your physician; signs and symptoms that could signal the need for alternative treatments or evacuation.
Assessment and Treatment
6.Learn to identify the signs and symptoms of a heart attack: discomfort or pain in the center of the chest, nausea, sweating, shortness of breath, and pain radiating down the shoulder, arm or into the jaw, usually on the left side.
7.Have the person rest in the position of greatest comfort - preferably lying down - and keep the person warm and calm. Complete rest is essential for at least six to eight hours before attempting to evacuate the person with any effort on his or her part.
8.Administer nitroglycerine if available.
9.Administer oxygen using a facemask at a flow rate of 4 to 6 liters per minute.
1..Have the person sit up with a backrest if he or she has difficulty breathing or is coughing while lying down.
1..Evacuate immediately by helicopter, making certain someone trained in cardiac resuscitation is part of the evacuation team. If a helicopter evacuation is impossible, transport with as little effort by the patient as possible, and only after the patient has been allowed six to eight hours of complete rest.
Warnings: This information is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment.
1.Make sure any potato or sweet potato feels heavy.
2.Avoid any potato with decayed areas (usually at the ends), blemishes or sunken spots.
3.Choose potatoes of comparable size for uniform cooking.
4.Pick russet potatoes (the normal brown kind) for baking or mashing. Russet potatoes turn mealy when cooked and start to fall apart when cut.
5.Select yellow, white or red potatoes for boiling, steaming, roasting or gratins. These potatoes have a firmer texture and won't fall apart when cut. Yellow and red potatoes can also be mashed, but they won't be as fluffy as russets.
6.Choose sweet potatoes with orange, moist flesh (often mislabeled as "yams" in supermarkets). These potatoes have a sweeter taste than those with yellow, dry flesh.
Store potatoes in a cool, dark place (but don't store them near onions). Potatoes can keep for weeks.
Handle sweet potatoes with care, as their skin is delicate. Sweet potatoes don't keep as well as other potatoes; eat them within a week.
If a potato appears green under the skin, peel it deeply to remove the green part. The rest of the potato should be fine, but the green portion can make you sick. Be sure to remove any sprouts or eyes.
The "yams" you see at the supermarket are usually sweet potatoes. True yams are starchy rather than sweet.