How to Protect Food From Bears and Critters

1.Put all food and garbage into sealable, airtight bags, such as Ziploc bags. Divide these bags of food and other odoriferous equipment into two piles of equal weight.
2.Put each pile into a separate plastic garbage bag. Tie the bags shut and put each bag into its own stuff sack.
3.Tie a rock to one end of a 100-foot length of parachute cord, then throw the rock and cord over a strong, sturdy tree branch 20 to 30 feet off the ground and 8 to 10 feet away from the tree trunk.
4.Tie one filled stuff sack to one end of the parachute cord using a sturdy knot, and hoist that bag off the ground until it reaches the tree branch.
5.Untie the rock.
6.Tie the taut cord in your hand to the second stuff sack full of food, leaving a loop in the knot. Remember, you're still holding the first bag in the air.
7.Stuff all the excess parachute cord into the stuff sack.
8.Push the lower bag up with your hands. The first bag will come down as you push up the second, since they are counterbalancing each other over the limb.
9.Use a sturdy stick to push up the bottom of the stuff sack even more so it's out of reach of a bear (at least 12 to 15 feet high).
1..Use the loop in the second knot to retrieve the bags. Put a stick in the loop and pull downward. 
Locate your hanging tree before dark and make sure there are no rocks or lower branches the bear can use to get to the food.
When you're not in bear country, you can hang your food 5 or 6 feet off the ground to keep it safe from small animals.
Hanging your food doesn't just protect you; it helps preserve wildlife. Bears that become accustomed to human food end up being destroyed by land managers. 
Warnings: Make sure to hang every item that smells like food, including pots, utensils, toothpaste and garbage. 

How to Buy a Radio-Controlled System for Model Aircraft

1.Read the appropriate material from the Federal Communications Commission. You'll be using a low-power radio transmitter, and you'll want to conform to the standards specified by the FCC.
2.Subscribe to hobby publications.
3.Gather material through Internet research.
4.Join a radio-control (R/C) hobby club. Learn from members with extensive experience in the hobby.
5.Visit hobby stores in your area. Pick up literature from manufacturers and discuss possible purchases with the store staff.
6.Ask club members and people in the hobby business to recommend units with a reputation for quality and reliability.
7.Make a budget. It's easy to overspend when you're consumed with a novice's enthusiasm.
8.Consider purchasing a quality used system.
9.Learn about channels, the term used by R/C enthusiasts to identify the number of control circuits. R/C sailplanes can be manipulated with as few as two channels. Motor-driven R/C aircraft may require four or more channels.
1..Remember, a four-channel unit can be used to operate a sailplane trainer even though only two channels may be required. The four-channel unit can then be retained when you move up to a more sophisticated scale model. 
Radio control is accomplished by signals from a transmitter in the hand of the pilot being received by a receiver on the scale model aircraft. The signals are then converted to drive-server motors that manipulate the control surfaces and other devices aboard the model.
Radio systems will operate rudder, elevator, ailerons and throttle. Additional channels can be used for spoilers, retractable landing gear, operating flaps, bomb drop, camera actuation and glider release.
Integrated circuitry makes sophisticated combinations of control inputs possible and complicated maneuvers easier to accomplish.
Prices range from about $60 for a two-channel radio system to over $400 for a six-channel system. 
R/C units for model aircraft are battery powered. Most hobbyists use NiCad rechargeable batteries. It's useful to keep one set on charge while another set is in use.
Ask for instruction when you begin your scale-model flying career. R/C flying is a skill. Without competent instruction, you may find the cost of learning that skill costly in terms of broken scale-model airplanes.   

How to Select a Handbag for Bridesmaids

1.Consider the color of the bridesmaids' dresses. Look for handbags in matching or complementary shades. If you're not trying to match shoes, consider black for a darker color palette and pearl or ivory for a lighter palette.
2.Select a texture and fabric that complements that of the dresses.
3.Choose a style that is simple, yet chic. Consider subtle patterns and minimal ornamentation.
4.Consult your bridesmaids for their ideas if you're not giving the bags as a gift.
5.Shop early. Once you decide on the bridesmaids' dresses, start to consider handbag options. This will allow you enough time to special order if necessary.
6.Talk to your bridal consultant about handbag companies that offer special occasion bags. See if she has catalogues you may refer to. 
Many handbag designers are now offering handbags in two tones or multi-colors, so you might be able to find a great bag that has a handle or trim that matches the base color of your bridesmaids' dresses.
If you're thinking about something bright or bold, select a color that is no more than three shades lighter or darker than the base color of the dresses. 
Warnings: Consult the handbag manufacturer before having the bags dyed to match a certain color. Many fabrics and trims do not take color well.   Steps:
1.Develop your people skills. The bride and groom, as well as their families, can be nervous about getting everything ready for the big day. Your cool head and social graces will help.
2.Think about your experiences from attending weddings, and perhaps coordinating your own. What were some great ideas you came across? What were the big mistakes or fiascoes? Collect your ideas in a notebook.
3.Gather some wedding planner books to start compiling your own organizational guide to planning a wedding. You will benefit from reading what others have done as you develop your own style.
4.Read up on wedding etiquette. It's a good idea to know all the ins and outs of wedding protocol.
5.Learn about wedding and reception decorations, starting with flowers. Catch up on the latest trends in this area and in wedding attire.
6.Research the vendors that provide food, beverages, entertainment, clothing, supplies and so forth for weddings within your region. It's a good idea to know who's available and what they charge, and to get acquainted with their reputations.
7.Remember that you'll need to be flexible to work with the varying needs, tastes and budgets of each of your clients.
8.Consider learning the profession by working for someone else at first. You can always go solo once you've developed your skills.
9.If you decide to go into business for yourself, study the pricing of other wedding consultants. Compare what they charge for specific duties and draw up a general price guideline for what you will offer.
1..Print up business cards if you'll be working for yourself. This is often a word-of-mouth business, where a friend of a friend or an attendee of a wedding will recommend you.
1..Talk with representatives of local churches and tell them about your services. Offer to leave some of your business cards with each.
1..Consider joining a professional organization such as the Association of Bridal Consultants or the Association for Wedding Professionals (see Related Sites), which can lend credibility to your business. 
Most people have a hard time planning a wedding for the simple reason that they have never done it before. The wedding consultant knows all the ins and outs – the etiquette, the right people to work with, and ways to manage within any budget.
Duties can include setting up appointments, offering etiquette advice, mailing invitations and recording responses, coordinating the decorations, negotiating contracts, and attending to many other details. 
Warnings: Wedding consultants can be asked to do just about anything regarding a wedding. Decide which services you will offer, and know your limits in advance.   

How to Compete in a Cutting Event

1.Get a cutting horse. Cutting horses are generally quarter horses, but they can also be paints, Morgans, Appaloosas and even Arabians. Cutting horses are generally smaller horses, with the top height of a good cutter being 15.1 hands.
2.Know that there will be holders on horseback who will be on each side of the arena next to the fence to help keep the cow from getting back into the herd. Rely on two more riders on horseback who will help turn back a cow if it tries to run away from you.
3.Cut the cow out of the herd by quietly walking your horse into the herd, moving one cow away from all the others, and controlling the cow as it tries to run from side to side to get back to the herd. You'll be facing the cow you're working and have your back to the herd.
4.Work as many as three cows, one at a time, during your 2 1/2 minutes.
5.Demonstrate your ability to control the cow and keep it from getting back to the herd.
6.Keep one hand on the saddle horn and hold the reins in your other hand.
7.Know that once you've separated a cow from the herd, you may not guide the horse with the reins; the reins have to remain down on the horse's neck.
8.Guide the horse with leg pressure.
9.Hold on. Cutting horses are quick and agile and if you're not careful, they could be going in one direction while you're going in another.
1..Win with the highest score. Judges score a rider and horse on their ability to maintain proper position with the cow.  
Guiding your horse with the reins after you've separated a cow from the herd will lower your score.
Horses move from side to side, swinging both their front feet from the left side to the right side, never moving their hind legs at times. 
Cutting can be dangerous. Sometimes the horse moves in one direction and the rider moves in the other and falls off.
Cattle are unpredictable. Normally they'll just run from side to side but occasionally a cow will try to charge you and your horse. 

How to Buy a Christmas Tree Online

1.Do a Web search for online Christmas tree vendors by entering "Christmas trees" into a search engine such as MSN or Yahoo, or click on one of the Related Sites.
2.Browse the sites. Some online Christmas tree sites sell one type of tree, while others list a variety of trees (Douglas fir, noble fir and so on) and a variety of sizes, from tabletop to 6 feet and taller. Keep looking until you find what you want.
3.Note information on the site about shipping costs, delivery, guarantees, and refunds if your tree arrives damaged.
4.Select a tree and a payment method. Some sites allow you to pay by check or money order as well as by credit card; others require that you send an order form with a check. Or, you may be able to call a toll-free number and order over the phone.
5.Check the delivery schedule carefully. On some sites, you can select the time when you want your tree delivered; others deliver within a specific window of time around December 1.
6.Follow the care instructions included with your tree. 
Measure the area in your house where the tree will go before making your selection, to be certain the tree you choose will fit.
Order early in the season. You need to allow time for shipping, and many dealers do sell out.
Order close to home if possible. The tree will have less distance to travel, and shipping charges may be lower. However, ordering from a distance may allow you to get a kind of tree you've never had before.
Some sites let you order tree stands for an additional price, but generally your tree will be delivered without a stand. 
Warnings: Always look for a secure site before using your credit card online.   

How to Ski Crust on Telemark Skis

1.Determine what type of crust you're skiing on by making a few turns. If the snow supports your weight, ski it as you would a groomed trail. You'll know you're skiing breakable crust when your skis sink down into the snow, causing chunks of snow that resemble broken glass to fly up. If you find that you're breaking through the crust, follow the next steps.
2.Be aggressive and exaggerate your moves. This type of snow is challenging to ski on - commit both physically and mentally to skiing on it.
3.Keep your body low and toward the ground while skiing crust. Flex your ankles, knees and hips while breaking the crust and sinking into the soft snow.
4.Spring up above the crust layer and unweight your skis at the end of each turn.
5.Turn your skis after you've sprung up and are fully extended to your maximum height.
6.Prepare for a new turn by getting low and pulling your body down. 
Tips: Breakable crust can grab your skis and toss them around. If this happens, be aggressive, gain speed and start turning. 
Warnings: Telemark skiing is a physically demanding sport that could result in serious injury. We recommend that you seek proper training and equipment before attempting this activity. 

How to Practice Cycling Etiquette

1.Carry personal identification with you.
2.Wear your helmet. A ticket from a cop can ruin the best ride.
3.Learn and use the appropriate hand signals for turning and stopping.
4.Obey all traffic signs, signals and regulations.
5.Make eye contact with drivers and pedestrians whose path you will cross. Pedestrians and horses always have the right of way.
6.Ride as close to the shoulder as possible when riding on a well-traversed road.
7.Allow a wide berth when passing other riders.
8.Wear bright clothing when riding during the day to maximize safety.
9.Wear reflective clothing when riding at night. 
Warnings: Because riding on a bicycle offers little protection in an accident, use extra caution when riding through busy areas and intersections. 

How to Make Wedding Favors

1.Fill clear glass ornament balls with dried flowers. Insert a ribbon with the name of the couple and the date written in silver or gold. Tie a bow of white ribbon on top.
2.Have a white ribbon printed with the bride and groom's names. Tie it in a bow and place it on top of some big silver bells.
3.Decorate small vine wreaths with dried flowers to match the bride's bouquet. These make cute napkin rings.
4.Cut the stamens out of some long-stemmed, white silk or plastic roses. Fill small mesh bags with rice and tie the tops with white or silver curling ribbon. Hot-glue a mesh bag into the middle of each flower. Untie the bows if you want to toss the rice at the bride and groom.
5.Make labels with the date of the wedding and the bride and groom's names on them. Stick them to bottles of bubbles.
6.Have a wedding portrait drawn by a court reporter or newspaper cartoonist.
7.Instead of a guest book, take Polaroid pictures and have guests sign their pictures. Put these pictures into a photo album.
8.Have the bridesmaids carry lanterns, which will double as bridesmaids' gifts. Cover them with ivy or flowers.
9.Make party crackers, with fun gifts placed inside of empty paper towel rolls, wrapped in pretty tissue paper. Tie the ends with curling ribbons.
1..Have postcards made using the best engagement photos and write a special note on each.   

How to Find Government Contracts

1.Understand the context in which your product or service could be used and determine which government agency could use it.
2.Make contact with the purchasing agent of the agency or department you're interested in and get on its vendor list.
3.Stay in contact with the purchasing agent, and market your company to the department.
4.Keep track of current contracts. Check out Commerce Business Daily (see Related Sites) for federal contracts of $25,000 or more. This publication lists notices of proposed government procurement actions, contract awards, sales of government property and other procurement information.
5.Learn and follow the procedures of the agency you want to do business with. Some require formal bid proposals; others are less formal. Any deviation from the rules could lead to a delay or rejection of your bid. 
Visit your local Procurement Technical Assistance Center (see Related Sites). Sponsored by the Department of Defense, these centers help small businesses get government contracts.
Join Pro-Net (see Related Sites), the Web-based government procurement and access network developed for small businesses. The site offers valuable resources such as names of contracting officers and information on procurement opportunities. Women, disadvantaged or small-business owners can also enter information about their companies into a database for government agencies to tap into.
Build your credentials by starting with a small contract with a local government agency.
Try subcontracting with a primary contractor that already has a relationship with the government. You can get a piece of the government pie without the administrative headaches.  
Warnings: Expect mounds of paperwork and red tape to wade through when working with the government.   Steps:
1.Take note of products that are similar to yours and seem to be in the public eye and doing well in sales. Contact each company and find out who handles the marketing.
2.Contact local advertising agencies and ask if they take on marketing programs for your type of product.
3.Surf the Internet and find companies that specialize in placing your Web site with search engines, Internet malls and other Internet directories. If you don't need an all-out marketing campaign, this is a cost-effective way to potentially reach thousands of Internet users.
4.Choose bits and pieces of your marketing to hire out if you're having difficulty with only one aspect. Hire a graphic designer to design promotional material you can distribute yourself. Or contract with a company that will distribute (hand-deliver, mail and so on) the materials you already have on hand.
5.Check the references of anyone you consider hiring. You don't want to be someone's first project, nor do you want to be the next in a long line of campaign failures.
6.Find a distributor that will place your product in its network of retail outlets. 
Make sure you really don't have the time to do your own marketing. Although the idea of getting someone else to do your marketing legwork is appealing, it's not going to come cheap.
Make sure the person or firm you hire is a member of a recognized trade association like the American Management Association.
A full-service marketing firm will create a plan to develop and position your product as well as create demand. Stay involved in the development of the plan, and don't hesitate to bring up something you don't like or disagree with. After all, it's your money and your future success at stake. 
Warnings: If you choose to hire someone to market your product via the Internet, make sure that spamming isn't his or her idea of a sound marketing approach.   Steps:
1.Make sure your documentation ducks are in a row before the meeting. Have important paperwork with you, such as previous performance reviews, probationary warnings or other relevant personnel material.
2.Decide the details of the employee's departure before you sit down with him. How long will he have to clear out? Does he have a company car or a laptop to return?
3.Arrange to have a human resources representative present. Not only can the representative give the fired employee information and answer questions about severance and continuation of benefits, but she can also ensure that the meeting follows the company's HR guidelines.
4.Get right to the point. The employee's fate has been decided, so just say it.
5.Take responsibility. Even if you're not the one who decided to take the action, if asked directly, "Whose decision was this?" be prepared to say, "Mine."
6.Offer whatever assistance your company provides in the way of outplacement, counseling or other services, no matter how acrimonious the parting.
7.Communicate the essentials of the employee's departure to other members of the department. Avoid details about why he was let go; it's unprofessional and could have unpleasant legal repercussions.
8.Document the meeting, and follow up with an HR letter confirming the details of your conversation. 
Tips: Choose your time carefully. Experts recommend that you avoid firing or laying off an employee on a Friday or before a holiday. 
Back up the employee's computer files before you break the news. Resentment has driven more than one fired person to delete important files out of spite.
Recognize that you will feel lousy about the whole process even if you do everything right.   

How to Wrap Text Around a Picture in a Microsoft Word Document

1.Select the picture you inserted into the document.
2.Go to the Format menu, and select Picture.
3.Select the Wrapping (or Layout) tab in the Format Picture window.
4.Select one of the five Wrapping Style choices.
5.Select one of the four "Wrap to" (or alignment) choices if you want, or leave this unselected.
6.Select the Distance From Text in inches to set the amount of space between the text and the graphic (top, bottom, left, right). (You may need to click the Advanced button to set this option.)
7.Click OK to set these parameters. 
Tips: You may want to experiment with more than one type of text-wrapping setting to find the one that looks best on your document page.