How to Become a Crew Member

1.Take a basic sailing course or read about the principles of sailing. Enthusiasm goes a long way toward making you a desirable crew, but knowledge will help even more.
2.Locate bodies of water in your area where people sail boats large enough to accommodate an extra person, generally over 20 feet.
3.Prepare 3-by-5-inch cards that extol your virtues as crew. If your sailing experience is limited or nonexistent, list attributes such as strength, agility, ability to follow instructions, mechanical ability or strong work ethic.
4.Visit marinas and clubs and post your cards on bulletin boards.
5.Look for notices of upcoming races and record the dates and start times.
6.Ask people at the clubs if there are any regularly scheduled races on evenings or weekends that aren't otherwise posted.
7.Show up at the club or nearby marina where sailboats are kept, before a race or on pleasant weekend days.
8.Walk up to groups of sailors preparing boats for sailing and have someone point out the skipper.
9.Ask him or her if the boat could use an extra pair of hands. 
Don't try to glorify your experience. If you've never sailed before, don't try to make it look any other way. State flat-out that you're eager to work and learn.
Don't expect anyone to explain sailing to you. You'll get instruction on a specific chore. Everything else you learn will come from watching and listening.
Larger boats need more crew, most of whom just sit on the rail. 

How to Download Free Screen Savers

1.Go to a Web search engine, such as Google or AltaVista.
2.In the search box, type in, "free screen savers." You might also try "free screensavers."
3.Click the Search button and wait. You will probably see a tremendous number of hits. Choose a site from the list.
4.Download a screen saver from the site. If you don't find what you want, use your browser's Back button to return to the list of search results.
5.For Windows, place the screen saver in the System folder in your Windows folder. Then open the Display control panel and click the Screen Saver tab. Your new screen saver should be in the list.
6.On a Mac, you need a program to run the screen saver; After Dark is the most popular. Place the downloaded screen saver in the Modules folder in your Control Panels folder. Go to the After Dark or other screen saver control panel and highlight your chosen screen saver. 
Tips: In the old days, you needed a screen saver to avoid having an image burn into your computer screen if it was static for too long. Monitors made in the 1990s and thereafter are estimated to require at least two years of uninterrupted power with the same image before you get screen burnout. Plus, most are Energy Star compliant: They power down after a certain amount of inactivity. This means that your screen goes black automatically, then turns on again when you press a key on the keyboard or use the mouse. So you don't actually need a screen saver anymore. But a lot of people like them.   

How to Delegate Responsibility

1.Decide whether you want to delegate.
2.Decide to whom you want to delegate responsibility. Does this person have the requisite skills and background knowledge? How quickly will your helper learn?
3.Brief the person on the task: Define exactly what he is responsible for. Explain how the task fits into the larger project. Clarify objectives and decide on deadlines.
4.Encourage your delegate to act independently and to make his own decisions by emphasizing the results. Say, "I want to see such-and-such. Don't tell me the details."
5.Allow the person to perform the task. Offer help as needed, but don't be too intrusive – if he has a different way of doing things than you do, be flexible and open-minded about it.
6.Periodically check the standard of work. Provide helpful feedback.
7.Recognize the person who does the job – give him credit for it. Public recognition for a job well done will encourage effort in the future. 
Delegate tasks at times when productivity is likely to be high – try earlier in the week as opposed to Friday.
Be available to answer questions and discuss progress.
Be generous with praise for well-executed jobs. 
Avoid thinking that it is too much trouble to delegate responsibility – delegating will pay off over time if the task needs to be done again and again.
Delegating a task doesn't mean you are no longer responsible for seeing that it's completed.   Steps:
1.Make a list of chores that need to be done in your house. Include jobs such as taking out the garbage, washing the dishes, taking care of pets and doing yard work. Include rooms that require regular cleaning such as bathrooms, bedrooms and family areas. Rewrite the list on a large permanent sheet for all family members to see.
2.Divide the list evenly with all participating family members present. Make slips of paper with chores on them and let each family member choose. Discuss the chores and provide solutions for sharing duties that are undesirable such as taking out the garbage, bathing a pet or cleaning bathrooms.
3.Create rewards for doing chores and consequences for not doing them. Decide as a group how rewards and consequences will be distributed and how chores will be scored. Parents as well as children should have consequences.
4.Meet as a family once a week for the first month using the chore chart. Praise your children for completing chores. Make any changes in chores that are not getting done and rotate undesirable chores. 
Be clear about exactly what the chore means. Does cleaning the kitchen mean cleaning the floor and the countertops?
Think of a big reward for your child if chores are done consistently for a month.
Buy a weekly or monthly chart from an office supply store and have it laminated for permanent use.
Use stickers to track chores for younger children. Use quarters for older children.
Follow through with consequences and remind your child that the consequence was determined as a group.  
Warnings: Create your own consequences if you are using this as a way to break bad cleaning habits already in place.   Steps:
1.Make a list of chores that need to be done in your house. Include jobs such as taking out the garbage, doing laundry, cooking meals and doing yard work. Include rooms and areas that require regular cleaning such as the garage and car, bedrooms, and family areas. Rewrite the list on a large permanent sheet for all family members to see.
2.Divide the list evenly with all participating family members present. Make slips of paper with chores on them and let each family member choose a chore. Discuss the chores and provide solutions for sharing duties that are undesirable such as taking out the garbage, bathing a pet or cleaning bathrooms.
3.Create rewards for doing chores and consequences for not doing them. Decide as a group how chores will be scored and how rewards and consequences will be distributed. Parents as well as children should have consequences.
4.Meet as a family once a week for the first month using the chore chart. Praise your children for completing chores. Make any changes in chores that are not getting done and rotate undesirable chores. 
Think of a big reward for your teenager to receive once a month for helping with house duties. Rewards such as money, clothes or activities work well with this age group.
Be flexible and trade off chores if another family member has a planned activity. 
Warnings: Create your own consequences if you are using this as a way to break bad cleaning habits already in place.   Steps:
1.Announce to your toddler that it's time to clean up toys. Have a specific place to put the toys - either a plastic tub or a toy box. Place it in the middle of the room you are cleaning.
2.Say "Look at this mess. I wonder who will help me?" as you are setting the container down. Make similar comments or sing a cleanup song until you gain your child's attention. Use a happy tone of voice and make positive comments about cleaning the mess.
3.Pick up some toys on the floor and place them in the container. Continue with positive coaxing or singing.
4.Ask your child to (please) pick up a specific toy as you pick up more toys. Thank your child when he or she places the toy in your hand or in the container.
5.Prepare a consequence for not helping. A timeout or the withholding of a treasured item or activity are common negative consequences.
6.Warn your child only once of the consequence and how long it will last if your child will not help. Follow through with the consequence if your child does not help.
7.Continue picking up toys following the above steps until all of the toys are picked up. 
Model the behavior you want your children to exhibit by picking up your personal items and putting them away. Even make comments out loud about putting your things away.
Try making a game out of cleanup or offer a reward such as going outside or painting.
Remain neutral in tone of voice and posture when following through with a consequence. Children can read frustration and anger and sometimes act negatively because of it.
You may have to change consequences periodically if they fail to be effective. 
Warnings: Consult a professional family doctor if you experience extreme frustration or anger when disciplining your child.   Steps:
1.Provide plenty of shelves and drawers so that your teen has a place for everything.
2.Teach your teen how to vacuum, sweep, fold clothes, dust and wipe down walls. Let him or her know that these skills need to be exercised in the bedroom.
3.Help tackle a big job once. Maintenance is easier with a clean start.
4.Work out a "clean plan," creating an actual map of where things go. Put trophies, stuffed animals, Barbie collections, CDs, shoes, pens and pencils and the laundry basket on the map. Tape the map on the inside of a closet door.
5.Work out a reward plan. For a month of cleaning, add a little extra allowance or buy the sneakers or CD your teen has been wanting.
6.Encourage teens to throw out the unused, unwanted and unloved. 
Neat and tidy is often copied from big sisters and brothers and moms and dads.
New bedclothes, curtains and painted walls can make a teen proud of a room and more likely to keep it picked up.
Fun storage items such as CD stacks, color-coded plastic bins and hampers can help organize.
No matter how bad the room gets, sometimes you have to bite your tongue to respect your teenager's privacy and sense of who he or she is. 
Warnings: Dirty laundry, wet towels or old food can end up being a health hazard. Keep an eye on things.   

How to Choose Science Fiction Books for Your Kids

1.Consider your child's comprehension and maturity level. Read a few pages from the middle of each book you're considering, to see if the material seems to be within your child's scope of knowledge.
2.Consider your child's sensitivity level. Some children are much more disturbed than others by negative aspects of the books they read, so if your child is easily frightened or has a tendency to see monsters under the bed, think carefully about the type of fantasy you'll bring home.
3.Decide how much violent content is OK. Many science fiction books for older children contain monsters, aliens, or battles in which some characters may get killed. Decide what's appropriate for your child's maturity level by reading some of the book in advance, or by talking to other people who have read it.
4.Ask a children's librarian for suggestions. While the librarian may not have read all the books you're considering, he or she will be able to let you know which fantasies are popular with which age groups, and may tell you about books or authors you're not familiar with.
5.Consider science fiction books written for a general audience – not just for kids – as your children get older and their tastes become more sophisticated.
6.Look for award-winning books. Newbery and Caldecott award winners are usually excellent, and there are other organizations that reward excellence in children's literature from all genres.
7.Do some Internet research; there are lots of good book review sites out there, many of them specifically for SF fans. 
If your children enjoy science fiction, they may also appreciate fantasy – offer them a few titles that may interest them.
Older children may enjoy attending science fiction conventions; keep an eye open for convention dates in your area. 
Warnings: If you have any doubts about the suitability of a book for your children, read it before you give it to them. This will prepare you to explain any questions they may have about the book, too.   

How to Heat a Baby's Bottle

1.Dispose of any clear plastic bottles and replace them with opaque ones, since some studies have indicated that chemicals may leach from plastic bottles made out of polycarbonate.
2.Defrost breast milk if necessary, either by thawing it in the refrigerator overnight or putting it in a bowl of warm water for half an hour.
3.Warm a bottle of either formula or defrosted breast milk by submerging it in a bowl or pan of warm (not boiling) water, by running the bottle under warm tap water, or by using a commercial bottle warmer, available at baby stores.
4.Test the temperature of the milk or formula in the bottle by shaking a few drops onto your inner wrist. It should feel tepid, not hot.
5.Continue warming the milk or formula until it’s the desired temperature.
6.Some babies also like to have the nipple of the bottle warmed; run it under warm tap water or submerge it in a pan of warm water for just a few seconds. Test it on your inner arm to make sure it’s just warm, not hot. 
Tips: To make life more convenient when you are out and about, you may want to start introducing a bottle closer to room temperature - so your baby does not grow accustomed to always having a nice, toasty bottle. 
Avoid microwaving formula or breast milk; it distributes heat unevenly in the bottle.
For your baby’s safety, never reuse formula or breast milk once you’ve heated it. Bacteria may have formed in the liquid.
Check the expiration date before using any formula. Throw away outdated formula, and don’t reuse leftover formula, which can harbor harmful bacteria.   

How to Impress a Woman

1.Ask her about herself, her ambitions, her life. Be interested. It's a rare woman who wants to sit around all night listening to a man talk about himself. And the more you try to impress her with your tales of adventure, the less impressed she'll be.
2.Be presentable. Women are notorious accessorizers, and whether she'll admit it to you or not, you are an accessory. Other women will judge her on her choice. A clean, good-smelling man with well-fitting clothes is a real prize.
3.Make eye contact. A lot. And smile - in a friendly way. Don't leer.
4.Be a gentleman. It's a myth that chivalry is dead, right? There are just a few women out there messing it up for the rest of us who really do like to have doors held open for us.
5.Learn to dance. Women will flock to you - all of them will be impressed.
6.Be funny without being crude. It's an art.
7.Compliment her. Notice her shoes or her watch - something that shows you're paying attention. We'll change our clothes six times before we leave the house; it's nice to find someone who appreciates the final choice.
8.It's hard for a woman not to be impressed with a man who is impressed with her. If you really like her, tell her so. You don't have to make a big deal about it, just let her know you admire her. 
Don't stare at her - or other women.
Don't guide her around a room. The hand-on-the-elbow steering technique is very annoying. The hand-on-the-small-of-the-back technique is usually too intimate.   

How to Enjoy Cape Hatteras National Seashore With the Kids

1.See "Enjoy Cape Hatteras National Seashore," under Related Hows, for general information about the park and a list of available activities. Many of these are appropriate for kids as well as adults.
2.Tour the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse and learn about the history of lighthouses on the eastern seaboard. Also join in summer interpretive programs at the park. Pick up the "In the Park" newspaper at the visitor center for a current schedule of events.
3.Take kids to the Oregon Inlet Fishing Center. The fishing fleet hauls in each day's catch here, which is great fun for kids to watch. Fishing or swimming are other possible water-based activities.
4.Go to the excellent North Carolina Aquarium (see Related Sites) on Roanoke Island. The recently expanded facility includes hands-on exhibits as well as a "Graveyard of the Atlantic" tank with a replica of the sunken "USS Monitor" at the bottom.
5.Visit the Roanoke Island Festival Park in Manteo. Kids will love climbing on a replica of the "Elizabeth II," a 16th-century sailing ship, as well as taking in all the interpretive and interactive exhibits. Parents will enjoy the summer chamber music series.
6.See "The Lost Colony," the longest-running outdoor drama in the United States. What happened to the country's first colony and to Virginia Dare, the first child born of English parents in America? Shows run from mid-June to late August and are great family entertainment.
7.Visit the Wright Brothers National Memorial in Kill Devil Hills. A full-scale replica of the Wright brothers' plane is at the visitor center, and you can hike to the spot where the famous flight took place. A 100th anniversary celebration is scheduled for 2003.
8.Have fun. Even though the area is rich in historical sites, give kids time to explore the dunes, walk the beaches, go swimming and enjoy themselves. 
Mosquitoes are thick in the park during the warm summer months. Make sure both you and the kids are well-protected with repellent.
There are 268 stairs on the spiral staircase to the top of the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse, so be sure your kids are up to the climb before setting out. Toting a little one up the stairs may also be a strain on you.
To protect their feet, be sure kids wear shoes when walking on the dunes, on the beach or in campgrounds. 
Children should swim only where a lifeguard is on duty. There are swift currents, and strong winds may quickly blow rafts or other floating devices out to sea.
While kids can bike on the roads, they should wear a helmet at all times and be extremely careful. There are no bike trails inside the park.   

How to Buy Sasha Dolls Online

1.Search Internet sites that feature Sasha dolls - both current and vintage Sasha dolls are readily available. Check the Related Sites, or click on the box for various Sasha dolls in the shopping list below and choose the "shop online" option.
2.Consider the age of the recipient if you are giving a Sasha doll to a child. Sasha can be undressed, dressed and played with. However, you may want to consider whether or not your child is old enough to take care of such a valuable doll. How does he or she treat other toys and dolls? Would a Sasha doll be more appropriate for an adult or older child on your gift list?
3.Determine which style of Sasha doll best fits your gift recipient. Twelve-inch baby Sasha dolls include Max, Bianca, Linda, Toni and Jeanine. These dolls do not stand and have more infant-like features than do the 16 1/2-inch standing Annett, Marina, Trudi, Alice and Alberto. Sasha dolls come as redheads, brunettes and blondes. Skin tones range from fair to dark.
4.Check to see which Sasha dolls the child or adult on your gift list may already have and whether or not there is a particular style she wants.
5.Expect to pay approximately $150 for a 12-inch baby Sasha doll and approximately $300 for a 16 1/2-inch standing Sasha doll. Out-of-production Sasha dolls from the '60s are in high demand and can cost considerably more.
6.Remember to add the cost of shipping to the expected cost of your Sasha doll. The cost of shipping will depend on the method of shipping chosen.
7.Search Sasha-related sites for information on purchasing Sasha accessories and accessory patterns. Each doll comes fully clothed and accessorized, but the doll recipient might enjoy having the option of giving the Sasha doll a different look.
8.Make sure that the Sasha doll you purchase is authentic. Look for the "Gotz" name in association with the recent production of Sasha dolls and the "Trendon" name for dolls produced before 1986. Sasha dolls were out of production between 1986 and 1995.
9.Check on the estimated delivery time before you order your Sasha doll online. If the doll is to be given as a gift, make sure that it will arrive in time for the gift-giving occasion. Delivery may take two to four weeks. 
Know that Sasha dolls vary in availability and number. Some Sasha dolls are produced for only a year while others are produced over many years. These factors will affect pricing.
Pay less for a vintage Sasha doll if you are willing to accept dolls that may be slightly worn or damaged. A vintage Sasha doll that is missing clothing or accessories will also be sold for less.
Look on the Gotz web site for an online Sasha catalog.
Search the Internet and in specialty doll shops for Sasha accessories. There are numerous Web sites with information on accessory items available for purchase as well as information about making your own clothing for your Sasha doll.
Pay for your Sasha doll with a credit card. This will allow you to document your purchase and will give you some recourse if you are dissatisfied with your purchase. Only give your credit card information through secure Internet sites.
Ask about the company's return policy before purchasing anything through the Internet.
Take advantage of offers to ship the doll to the gift recipient. Your gift will be professionally wrapped and packaged. Often the company will even include a gift card made out to the recipient.   

How to Make a Pumpkin Turkey

1.Determine the size of pumpkin to be used. One large pumpkin or several small ones? The size of the pumpkin will determine the size of the construction paper cutouts you make.
2.Clear off a large table or other work surface and cover with an old bedsheet or newspaper to protect the surface.
3.Draw two turkey heads – front and back - 10 feathers and a right and left wing onto construction paper for each pumpkin turkey to be made. Use brown paper for the head and use autumn-colored paper - brown, green, orange, dark blue - for the wings and feathers. Make sure to include the turkey's neck in your head pieces.
4.Use crayons or markers to color in drawings and use scissors to cut out the shapes. Color only on one side, though. The feathers and turkey heads will be glued back-to-back to make five feathers and one head. The wings won't be glued together, but draw on only one side of those as well.
5.Reinforce the cutouts made for large turkeys by gluing them onto thin cardboard and then cutting them out again. Because you are going to be gluing the feather cutouts and the head cutouts together, affix cardboard to only half of the feathers and one head piece.
6.Place a thin layer of glue on the back of one of the head pieces. Position a Popsicle stick or wooden skewer on the back of the cutout so that half of the stick extends from the bottom of the turkey's neck and the other half is glued on to the back of the cutout.
7.Place the two turkey heads together, back to back, so that they are stuck together by the glue applied earlier and so that the Popsicle stick or wooden skewer is sandwiched between the two pieces. Repeat for the feathers. Allow the glue to dry.
8.Use a knife, scissors or an extra Popsicle stick or wooden skewer to make small holes through the pumpkin's skin where the head and feathers will go. Push cutouts into the pumpkin so that the feathers fan out behind the turkey's head.
9.Glue the wings to the side of the pumpkin. Use thumbtacks or push pins to hold wings in place while the glue dries. Remove tacks or pins, and you're done! 
Use a large pumpkin for a centerpiece and several smaller ones to mark your children's places at their table. You or they can write their names on the fronts of the miniature pumpkins with a black felt-tip pen.
Cut 20 feather pieces for a large pumpkin turkey. This will give you 10 feathers to place on the turkey's body.
Use children's Thanksgiving books and coloring books to find models for your construction paper cutouts.
Make sure that the cutouts that you and your children make are in proportion to the size of pumpkin used. Try out different-size heads, wings and feathers. The head should sit toward the front of the pumpkin, and the feathers should fan out behind the head.
Glue a piece of cardboard onto the back of one of the turkey head pieces before you cut the shape out of construction paper. This will help you keep a large turkey head erect.
Use toothpicks instead of Popsicle sticks or wooden skewers for small cutouts.   

How to Select and Prepare Materials for a Cross-Stitch Project

Select Materials
1.Select a cross-stitch kit and make sure that all items listed on kit label are included. If any items are missing, return kit to place of purchase or contact manufacturer.
2.Or select a cross-stitch chart and purchase the items indicated on the chart. These items will include cross-stitch fabric, embroidery floss and a tapestry needle.
3.Purchase the size and quantity of items indicated on the cross-stitch chart, but the colors in which you work your design are up to you.
4.Purchase a No. 22 tapestry needle for fabric that is 14 count (14 squares per inch) or less, No. 24 for 16 count, and No. 26 for 18 count. The larger the size No., the smaller the needle. The size needed should be listed on your chart.
5.Choose an embroidery hoop or frame appropriate to the size of your cross-stitch piece. Either will help keep your work taut and your stitches even.
6.Select and purchase small, embroidery scissors or use any sharp pair of scissors for cutting thread. 
The terms "floss" and "thread" are interchangeable.
Make sure you use a tapestry needle, not a sewing needle. The eye of a tapestry needle is large enough to accomodate the embroidery floss and the end is blunt. The sharp end of a sewing needle may damage the fabric threads.
Embroidery hoops are inexpensive and come in plastic or wood. Embroidery frames allow you to view your entire piece at once and cause less distortion of fabric.
If you choose to work with an embroidery hoop, wooden hoops hold fabric tighter. Place a strip of tissue paper between hoop and fabric to prevent wood from staining the project. 
Prepare Materials

7.Unwrap and prewash dark-colored embroidery floss if you are not certain of its colorfastness. Most readily available commercial brands of floss do not need to be prewashed.
8.Prewash embroidery floss by immersing individual skeins in separate glass containers of distilled water - at room temperature. Move floss around in water. If color bleeds into water, remove skein and repeat process with fresh water until color no longer bleeds. Remove floss from water and allow to dry.
9.Separate embroidery floss by color number. If embroidery floss comes from a kit, separate floss by color code indicated in kit instructions.
1..Cut cross-stitch fabric to appropriate size, if necessary.
1..Find center of cross-stitch fabric by folding fabric in half sideways then by folding in half again lengthwise. The point at which all fold lines meet in the center is where you will begin to stitch.
1..Mark center of fabric with a pin or piece of floss until you are ready to begin stitching. 
Prewash one skein of floss at a time. If prewash water stays clear, you don't need to prewash the remaining skeins of that color.
Prevent cross-stitch fabric from fraying by wrapping edges with narrow masking tape.