How to Make a Dress-Up Hat for a Doll

The Hat
1.Use a tape measure to measure the circumference of your doll's head.
2.Lift the circled tape measure up gently and set it down on a piece of paper; draw around it once (this is the pattern for the crown) and again (this will be the pattern for the brim).
3.Decide how wide you want the brim of the hat to be, and draw a second circle around one of the smaller circles. Cut on both lines to make a doughnut shape. (For example, for a hat with a 1/2-inch brim, you'll have a doughnut that's 1/2 inch wide with a hole in the middle.)
4.Let the tape measure unfold and measure a rectangle as long as the circumference of the first circle and as wide as you want the crown to be tall (for a 12-inch doll, 1/2 to 1 inch; for a 24-inch doll, you may want as much as 2 to 3 inches), plus 1/2 inch or so (in length) for overlap.
5.Cut and construct the hat in whatever material you desire and allow to dry: Felt is sturdy enough to hold its own shape (though if you want a very firm hat like a top hat, you'll want to glue the felt to thin cardboard). For a floppy, floaty, big-brimmed hat, use cardboard to line the crown and use two layers of fabric (glued together for structure) for the brim.
6.Trim with flowers, fruit, ribbons and bows if you desire. 
Hat Construction

7.Make the crown by bending the rectangle into a circle; glue it and let it dry.
8.Lay the brim down flat on your work surface and squirt a circle of glue around the inside edge.
9.Set the crown (the ring) into the glue.
1..Squirt a circle of glue around the top edge.
1..Set the top of the crown onto it. 
Overall Tips: If this seems like too much work, cut out a triangle, tie the long ends under the doll's chin, and tell your child she's hiding her curlers. Alternatively, many craft stores sell untrimmed hats in standard doll sizes.   

How to Lease a Computer

1.If you wish to lease a particular brand of computer, check the manufacturer's Web site to see if they offer direct leasing.
2.Check your local Yellow Pages under Computer-Rent & Lease to find local lessors. Some of these companies only deal with business leases, so call to make sure that they lease to individuals.
3.Click on "Links to Lessors" in Related Sites to find online lessors. Look for a good deal or find a local business through the regional links.
4.Find out how many months you are obligated to continue the contract. Expect a minimum of 24 months.
5.Check the contract to determine early lease termination fees.
6.Find out who is financially obligated to keep the equipment working during the lease term.
7.Ask about terms for including software and peripherals in the lease.
8.Determine the options and costs for upgrading equipment during lease term.
9.Find out your options at the end of lease, which should include all of the following: upgrading to new equipment, purchasing the leased system at a fraction of the original price, and returning the system with no financial obligations.  
Compare the cost of leasing to financing a computer purchase through a local retailer or with a bank loan.
Consider getting a free or nearly free computer with a commitment to an Internet service provider (ISP).
Rent computer time at a local quick-print shop.  

How to Change Your Major

1.Research your potential choice first. Test the curriculum in your major of choice by taking a few classes to see if you will really like the field.
2.Look for a field related to your current major with a slightly different twist; for example, if you are majoring in journalism and decide being a newspaper reporter is not for you, change your major to communications with a concentration in radio, television or film.
3.Keep in mind that choosing a related field will allow you to apply most of your current credits toward your new major.
4.Take a look at the labor market in the field you are considering. Even if you love the field, if you can't get a job upon graduation, it may not be the best course to follow.
5.Talk to professionals in the field you're considering. Among other tips, they can give you the real facts about a career in the field, explain the day-to-day activities of the job and let you in on the ups and downs involved.
6.Take advantage of academic and career counseling services available at your college or university. These people have seen it all before and may be able to help you distinguish between a momentary bout of uncertainty and the need to make a change in your major.
7.Go to your college or university registrar's office and pick up an application for a change in your major. Make certain you have all the pertinent information, including your advisor's name, current major and intended major.
8.Get all the appropriate signatures on the form and turn it in at the registrar's office for processing. 
Talk to your academic advisor first. Just because you have made the decision to change your major doesn't mean it will happen; if your test scores or grades don't meet current standards, you could be turned down.
Declare yourself undeclared for your first year or so of college. This way you have not committed yourself to a course that cannot be undone. You can declare a major at any time in your first two years at most colleges. 
Don't jump into things. One bad class is no reason to change your major. Take your time and make this decision after you have done the proper research and planning.
Don't choose your major based solely on income potential. These decisions make for some of the most unhappy people around.   

How to Dress Properly for Cycling

1.Wear cycling shorts for added padding and to prevent chafing.
2.Buy a bike jersey that fits properly when you are in riding position. Most jerseys also have rear pockets, useful for carrying food, tools and identification.
3.Consider arm warmers or leg warmers for cooler days. These can be stowed away in your jersey when you don't need them.
4.Buy gloves for riding comfort and protection in case of a fall.
5.Consider a light shell for rain or cooler weather. This can also be stowed in your jersey when you don't need it.
6.Consider tights for cold-weather riding.
7.Buy cycling shoes for added comfort and pedaling efficiency. Cycling shoes generally fit best with thin cycling socks. 
Apply sunscreen before rides, especially on your nose and neck.
Always dress in layers to be prepared for weather shifts. 
Warnings: Always wear a helmet when riding a bike. 

How to Polka

1.Stand opposite your partner.
2.Place your right hand on your partner's waist. Extend your left hand, palm up, to your side with your arm bent.
3.Grasp your partner's hand in a loose grip.
4.Stand with your feet together.
5.Just prior to the first beat, do a small hop off your right foot.
6.Step forward with your left.
7.Step forward with your right foot and bring it together with your left.
8.Do a little hop with your left foot.
9.Step forward with your right foot.
1..Step forward with your left foot and bring it together with your right.
Tips: This dance may look a little strange to the uninitiated, but it can be fun with the right music. 
Warnings: New England-style contra dancing is far more complicated than a simple polka. 

1..Place your left hand on the leader's right shoulder.
1..Bend your right elbow and place the palm of your right hand lightly on your partner's outstretched palm.
1..Stand with your feet together.
1..Do the opposite of what your partner does.
1..Just prior to the first beat, do a small hop off your left foot.
1..Step back with your right foot when the leader moves his left foot forward on the first beat.
1..Continue following, in reverse, the directions for the leader.   

How to Choose a Faxing Product

1.Choose a fax modem to send and receive faxes if you create all or most of your documents on a computer, and if you won't send or receive faxes that often. Print received faxes if you need a hard copy. You can scan any nonelectronic documents you need to fax, but it's time-consuming.
2.Consider a fax machine if you'll receive lots of faxes. Receiving a fax can cause your computer to slow down, and you might not be able to work on other materials until the fax is completely received.
3.Choose a thermal fax machine if you'll send more faxes than you receive, or if permanent copies of received faxes are unnecessary.
4.Buy a plain-paper fax machine if you send and receive many faxes per day.
5.Choose a multifunction device if you need a plain-paper fax machine, a printer or secondary printer, and a limited-use scanner, and if your desktop space is very limited.  
The speed of your fax modem is irrelevant, unless it predates 1995, as you cannot fax faster than 14.4 kbps.
If purchasing a thermal fax machine, make sure it has an automatic paper cutter and anti-curl technology. Because most multifunction devices have sheetfed scanners, you cannot use them to scan books, magazines, or originals larger than 8 1/2 by 11 inches.
Some multifunction devices print in color but scan and copy in black and white.
Multifunction machines, especially those made by Hewlett-Packard, are often dependent on the computer to fax or copy.  
The printed image will begin to flake off thermal paper within a few months.
Multifunction devices represent a considerable sacrifice in quality and reliability.   

How to Turn Brown Grass Green in a Mild Climate

1.Remove most of the warm-season grass while the weather is still warm in the fall by mowing the lawn just above the soil surface. Set the mower cutting height to 3/4 to 1 inch.
2.Rake away the clippings and remove any leftover weeds, clumps of grasses and other debris.
3.Plant cool-season grass seed more heavily than normal. Cool-season grasses include bluegrass, rye and fescue. Check with your local garden center or nursery for types of cool-season grasses that thrive in your area.
4.Cover the seed with a 1/2-inch layer of sifted organic compost. A drop-type fertilizer spreader works well for this step.
5.Cover the seed with a thin layer of an organic mulch such as straw, ground bark or peat moss.
6.Fertilize and water the area as you would a newly seeded lawn.
7.Mow the cool-season grass as needed. 
As the weather warms in late spring, the warm-season grass will grow back and the cool-season grass will die out.
Cool-season grasses such as fescue will keep their color in all but the coldest climates. 
Warnings: These instructions are for lawns that turn brown in mild climates in the winter months. There are other causes for brown patches, including drought, which may require other types of remedies.   Steps:
1.Purchase hose-end sprinklers or install a below-ground automated system.
2.Test your sprinkler output and consistency of coverage: Place flat-bottom cups or cans within the sprinkler pattern and measure the water over a given time. Make adjustments as necessary so the entire lawn is watered evenly.
3.Water early in the morning, or when the winds are calm and enough daylight is left to dry the leaves before nightfall.
4.Apply enough water to wet the rootzone to 6 to 8 inches deep with each irrigation, and let the soil dry partially between irrigations. To avoid producing runoff, run the sprinklers in cycles, turning sprinklers on for 10 minutes, turning them off to let the water soak in, then repeating.
5.Adjust the watering schedule depending on weather, seasons and rainfall. Grasses generally require more water during their active growing season than when they’re dormant, though all grasses need an average of 1-2 inches of water per week in summer; cool season grasses can take more than this in winter.
6.Set automated timers so you don't forget to turn the water off.
7.Maintain sprinkler systems so they operate efficiently. Watch them run, and make adjustments and fix clogs or leaks as necessary. 
Your lawn will tell you when it needs water - two signs are when the grass changes from bright green to dull gray-green and when footprints remain when you walk across the lawn.
To check how deep water is penetrating, probe the soil with a stiff wire or screwdriver. It will move easily through moist soil and be harder to push when it reaches dry soil.
Planting the right type of lawn for your area (see "How to Choose a Lawn Grass") can help you conserve water. 
Frequent, shallow watering results in shallow roots and a weak lawn.
Applying too much water is wasteful and can cause lawn diseases and promote weed growth.   

How to Get the Best Price on Music CDs

Individual CDs
1.Use Internet search engines called shopping bots, which find the lowest prices on specific products. You can find these by typing “shopping bots” in one or more Internet search engines.
2.Avoid CD merchants in shopping malls, as these have higher prices.
3.Find CDs at consumer electronics stores for 15 percent to 25 percent less than at CD specialty stores.
4.Check general-merchandise discount stores for popular titles.
5.Ask if a store offers frequent-buyer cards (for example, buy 10, get 1 free).
6.Check CD specialty stores for unadvertised sales, usually covering all titles on specific labels.
7.Consider used CDs. Ask the store if you can listen before you buy. 
Remember to add shipping charges before comparing prices from Internet and other mail-order retailers.
Check several Internet price comparisons before deciding, and try to discern the comparison site's biases. Many such sites only include retailers who pay, or preferentially rank retailers who pay.  
CD Clubs

8.Consider a record label’s club only if you plan to limit your buying to popular titles from major artists.
9.Expect to pay up to $4 per CD for shipping and handling, including “free” selections.
1..Be prepared to make your selections and rejections (some clubs auto-matically send you a CD every month unless you instruct them not to) within the required periods.
1..Check the CD club’s FAQ Web page for suggestions about getting the best value from CD club membership.
1..If a club offers wholesale prices, and you will buy enough CDs to justify the dues, membership may be a good deal. 
Tips: A club is a good value if you can find enough "free" selections that you would buy anyway.  
Warnings: Major-label clubs often do not carry CDs made by one or more of their leading competitors.    

How to Buy Basic Tools for Building a Model Airplane

1.Set your mind on buying only the basics as you get started in this hobby.
2.Realize that your interests and skill levels will change and increase as you grow in the hobby. What you think you need now may not be useful later.
3.Join a radio-control enthusiasts club. You'll quickly learn what's important in a basic tool and supply chest, and you might find opportunities to buy used equipment.
4.Visit hobby stores and dealers in radio-controlled model equipment. Ask questions.
5.Read about the hobby at your local library or on the Internet.
6.Remember that the fundamental steps in model construction are cutting, shaping and assembling.
7.Plan to gather basic tools for each step: knives, razor edges, small saws, sandpaper, small filing edges, planes, glues, clamps, rubber bands, screwdrivers, nut drivers and wrenches.
8.Invest in a solid, lockable toolbox of sufficient size.
9.Keep your tools clean and organized. You can't use it if you can't find it or it's broken. 
Get started in the hobby by heading to your local airfield, meeting fellow enthusiasts and learning from them.
The most common adhesive used by modelers is a cyanoacrylate compound. It comes in different consistencies to join parts, depending on thickness.
Birthdays, anniversaries and holidays are a good time to scatter hints among friends and relatives. 
Warnings: Razor edges, knives, glues and other tools can be harmful in the hands of small children. Keep them secured.   

How to Insert Special Characters With Dreamweaver

1.Start Dreamweaver and open the desired page.
2.Click at the spot where the special character will be inserted.
3.Open the Insert menu and choose Character. Choose the character to be inserted.
4.Open the Insert menu and choose Character, then More to see more special characters.
5.Save the page when finished. Preview it in a browser by choosing Preview in Browser from the File menu. 
Tips: Special characters not available on the Dreamweaver Insert menu can be inserted manually using HTML. (See the Webmonkey Special Characters Reference from the Related Sites.)