How to Perform an Elbow Lock in Aikido


Steps:
1.Deflect (parry) the punch away with the rear hand when an attacker leads with a left jab. At the same time, strike with the left-hand fist at the attacker's chin.
2.Retract your left arm and grab the back of the attacker's extended hand near the wrist with your left hand.
3.Step back to the outside of the attacker's extended arm.
4.Pull the attacker's hand back and down in a circular sweep until the attacker's palm and elbow face upward. The attacker will face down and crouch over to avoid a painful joint lock. 
Tips:
Keep your balance and posture while performing the technique.
Do not lose or relax your grip on the attacker's arm. 
Warnings:
Joint locks are extremely dangerous techniques. Be sure the practitioner who applies the technique is aware of any pain caused to the partner during practice sessions.
If you have any condition that would impair or limit your ability to engage in physical activity, please consult a physician before attempting this activity. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment.   Steps:
1.Extend your striking arm fully to the front, keeping a slight bend in the elbow if grabbed from behind.
2.Keep your hand in a fist with the palm side down.
3.Pull your elbow behind you quickly in a straight line to the target, rotating your forearm so that the palm side of your fist turns upward just before impact.
4.Use the power of your hips and legs as you strike into your target.
5.Retract your elbow immediately for another strike or an escape. 
Tips: Practice timing with a partner. Start slowly at first until you achieve mastery from one side, then practice from the other side. 
Warnings: If you have any condition that would impair or limit your ability to engage in physical activity, please consult a physician before attempting this activity. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment. 

How to Study for the ACT


Steps:
1.Peruse your local bookstore or your favorite online bookseller for ACT (American College Testing) preparation books. Choose one that not only has detailed information about the subject matter of the test, but also has practice tests.
2.Start studying early so that you know where you're strong and where you need to brush up. This will also increase your confidence and save you from stressing about the test.
3.Work through the book, little by little every day. Make studying for the ACT a part of your daily routine.
4.Take as many practice tests as time and patience will allow. Simulate exam conditions as best you can; for instance, make sure you have a 3-hour chunk of time when no one will bother you.
5.Talk to people who've taken the test. Battle-tested veterans often have the best advice. 
Tips:
If you're the pack-rat type, dig up your old notes from science, math and English classes and add them to your study materials.
Try to find practice tests that have actually been given before, rather than made-up practice tests. The more realistic, the better.
Consider using the ACT's own test-preparation software (see Related Sites). 
Warnings: Don't study the night before the exam. Instead, let yourself relax as much as possible and get to bed early. 

How to Buy a Quilt


Steps:
1.Become familiar with the range of quilts available. The Internet is a wonderful place to start your search. Also investigate local craft malls and fairs as well as antique stores.
2.Buy a quilt to decorate your own home or give a quilt to commemorate a special occasion. Quilts that incorporate patterns such as the Bridal Wreath or Double Wedding Ring remain immensely popular wedding and anniversary gifts.
3.Choose an antique quilt if you plan to start a collection or if you merely want to own a piece of American history. Antique quilts from the 19th and early 20th centuries display traditional patterns like the Log Cabin and Tree of Life and can be wholly or partially hand-stitched.
4.Expect to pay anywhere from $300 to over $3000 for an antique quilt. The price will depend upon the method of construction (machine-stitched rather than hand-stitched), size, condition and complexity of design.
5.Choose a new quilt that is made entirely by hand. Quilts such as those made by the Amish and Mennonites or in the Appalachian region of the United States are highly sought after and are still constructed using traditional methods and patterns. The workmanship is impeccable!
6.Expect to pay $300 and up for a new quilt that is stitched entirely or predominantly by hand. Again, the price will depend upon the quilt's size and design complexity.
7.Choose a new quilt that is made entirely or predominantly by machine. These quilts can look just like their hand-pieced and sewn counterparts, but the price is considerably less. These quilts are often mass-produced for the retail market.
8.Expect to pay $150 and up for a machine-sewn quilt. This may be your best option if traditional construction methods in a quilt are less important to you than the look. 
Tips:
Inquire as to the quilt's construction method if you have any doubts. Labels such as "hand-made" or "hand-crafted" do not necessarily mean that the item has been constructed without the use of a sewing machine.
Investigate quilt tops as an alternative to a whole quilt. Quilt tops, both antique and new, come without batting or backing and are available for $100-$200 and up. You will need to finish the quilt yourself or find a quilter to complete it for you.    

How to Buy an Internal-Frame Backpack as a Gift


Steps:
1.Shop at a large, reputable outdoor gear store - a place where the sales staff are likely to be knowledgeable and helpful, and that has a reasonable guarantee and return policy.
2.Expect to spend anywhere from $90 to more than $400 on a quality internal-frame pack.
3.Decide whether an internal-frame pack or an external-frame pack is most appropriate for the recipient. A person most likely to appreciate an internal-frame pack will be participating in the following activities: backpacking in rain or snow or across rugged terrain; rock climbing or bouldering; taking short backpacking trips; checking the pack on a flight; or using different modes of transport internationally while traveling with the pack.
4.Estimate the recipient's height and weight (or ask a friend or relative to help you estimate) and be prepared to give these to a salesperson, along with the recipient's sex. These measurements will be helpful in selecting a bag of the proper length, ensuring maximum carrying comfort.
5.Look for a pack specifically designed for women if the recipient is a woman. Women's backpacks are designed for narrower shoulders, shorter backs and maximum distribution of weight to the hips.
6.Make sure the pack is designed for maximum comfort. Look for lots of padding, a hip belt that is wide at the bottom, curved shoulder pads, a breathable back, and internal rods that shift the weight to the hips.
7.Ask a salesperson to help you find a pack with an appropriate carrying capacity for the recipient's size and needs. Traveling for long periods with a lot of gear or with winter gear will require more pack space; weekend backpacking trips will require less space, and the recipient will appreciate the lighter pack.
8.Consider buying a backpack that includes the following special features: adjustable length; water bottle holsters; dividable compartments; a hydration system; daypack conversion; and a fanny pack conversion. 
Tips:
Get a waterproof pack if the recipient is likely to be using it in rain or snow, and consider purchasing a waterproof pack cover to accompany the pack for extra protection.
Ask the salesperson if the recipient can bring the pack in to have it specially adjusted for comfort and fit.
Make sure the pack is returnable or exchangeable in case adjustments need to be made. 

How to Practice Exit Drills in the Home


Steps:
1.Make a home fire escape plan for your family.
2.Draw a simple diagram of your house and go over it carefully with family members. Find two escape routes for every room.
3.Choose a place for family members to reconvene outside.
4.Practice opening windows, taking off screens and using ladders (if on a second story). This is especially important for children, who can have trouble working window locks or collapsible ladders without practice.
5.Make sure there are no security bars on bedroom windows - or if there are, that they can be opened and closed easily.
6.Keep bedroom doors closed at night, and teach family members how to feel the door before opening it if the smoke detector goes off: Check for heat by placing the back of your hand on the door, starting at the bottom of the door and working up. Then place the back of your hand on the doorknob; if there's any heat outside the door, you should be able to feel it.
7.Teach family members what to do if they don't feel heat: Crack the door open, stay low and check for smoke. If smoke is present, use the other way out. 
Tips: Lower your children down from a window before escaping yourself. They may be too scared to escape if you go first and then motion for them to come down. 
Warnings:
If a smoke detector goes off, you literally have seconds to respond. There is absolutely no time to gather possessions, pets and possibly even each other. Your best response is to leave your home immediately, gather at your prearranged meeting place and call 911 from a neighbor's home.
Never go back into the house once you've escaped from a fire.   

How to Retrieve the Rope for a Fallen Skier When Driving the Boat


Steps:
1.When your observer informs you your skier has fallen, maintain your speed and turn 180 degrees to drive in the opposite direction. Turn toward your side of the boat.
2.Cut speed as you near the skier.
3.Idle past the skier, keeping the skier several feet from the boat and on your side.
4.Confirm that the skier wishes to continue skiing as you pass.
5.Pass the skier and turn slightly toward the side the skier was on, then continue idling straight forward. This will cause the rope to pull over the skier.
6.Allow the skier to walk hand over hand down the rope until back on the handle.
7.Give the skier time to get ready and give you the go-ahead signal before accelerating again. 
Tips:
Always have a boarding ladder with you. When is skier is done, he or she is usually exhausted and can't climb easily into the boat.
Be very careful when passing by the fallen skier. Always keep the skier on your side of the boat, about 10 feet away at the closest point.
If the skier misses the rope, repeat all the steps as if the skier just fell. 
Warnings:
Be very careful passing the fallen skier in the water.
Always turn off the engine when a skier is climbing back into the boat. Have the observer help the skier in.
Always observe boating safety rules.
Always wear life vests. 
Overall Warnings: Waterskiing is an inherently dangerous activity that can result in serious injury or death. We recommend that you seek proper training and equipment before attempting this activity. 

How to Time Your Trip to Warsaw

General Considerations
Steps:
1.Visit during late spring or early autumn for the best weather. Summer sees frequent rain showers and plenty of tourists, and an average July high of 78 degrees F. Winters can be mild and with almost no snow, but if the continental climate from Russia prevails, expect heavy snow and a deep freeze. The average January low is 22 degrees F.
2.Check out what festivals, attractions and live performances are happening (see below and Related Sites).
3.Take care of your flight, transportation and accommodations (see Related Hows).
4.Check the weather forecast for Warsaw shortly before leaving and pack accordingly. 
Attractions and Seasonal Events

Steps:
5.Learn about Catholic culture at the International Sacred Music Festival and the International Catholic Film Festival, both held during the latter half of May.
6.Listen to the works of Poland’s greatest composer. The International Chopin Festival runs from mid-June until the end of August. There’s also an Annual Mozart Festival from June 15th until late July.
7.Check out what’s new and audacious at the International Festival of Contemporary Music, held during a week in late September.
8.Dig the International Jazz Jamboree, held over three days in late September.
9.Wander around the splendid Old Town (Stare Miasto), centered on the Old Town Square. In addition to the monumental architecture, you’ll find friendly outdoor cafes and artists working and selling. The square's northern side is marked by the worthwhile Historical Museum of Warsaw.
1..Take at least a day to explore the riches of the Royal Way. This magnificent road stretches from the Royal Castle to Lazienki Palace; it's lined with lesser palaces, churches, galleries and museums (the most notable, despite the Soviet-era exterior, is the National Museum). There’s a tourist information center opposite the Royal Castle and a fabulous park around Lazienki Palace. 
Overall Tips: Warsaw is divided into two parts by the Vistula River. Most travelers skip the east side, a suburb called Praga. The west side contains the city center, the Old Town and all the important attractions.   

How to Make a Gingerbread Church

Make a Pattern
Steps:
1.Gather a ruler, pencil and paper.
2.Make a pattern for the long church walls: draw and cut out a rectangle 10 inches long by 6 inches high. Make windows: measure and draw horizontal lines 3 and 5 inches up from the bottom. Measure and draw vertical lines at the 2-, 3-, 4 1/2-, 5 1/2-, 7-, and 8-inch mark (measuring in from either side). Cut out the three rectangles.
3.Make a pattern for the short church walls: draw a square 6 inches by 6 inches. At the center of the top edge of one of the sides (the 3-inch mark) measure and mark an additional 3 inches - this is the roofline. Draw lines from this point to the top corners of the square (essentially, you're adding a triangle that sits on top of the square). Cut out this shape in one piece.
4.Make a door in the short wall: draw a horizontal line 1 1/2 inches up from the bottom edge. Measure another 3 inches up from this line and draw another horizontal line. Measure in 1 1/2 inches from each side and draw vertical lines. Cut out the square.
5.Make a pattern for the church roof: draw and cut out a rectangle 5 inches by 11 inches.
6.Make a pattern for the steeple: draw and cut out two rectangles, each 2 inches by 4 inches. Put one of these aside. Take the other one and measure in 1 inch from the center point of one of the short sides. Draw lines from this point to the two corners (you're essentially taking a triangle-shaped bite out of one of the short sides; this is so it will straddle the roofline). Cut out the triangle.
7.Make a pattern for the steeple roof: draw and cut out a square 3 inches by 3 inches. Mark the midpoint (1 1/2 inches) of one of the sides. Draw lines from this point to the two opposite corners to make a steep triangle. Cut out the triangle. 
Cut Out Your Church

Steps:
8.Roll out gingerbread dough to a thickness of 1/2 inch.
9.Use the pattern pieces you've just made to cut out four church walls (two long, two short), two roof pieces, two of each of the steeple pieces, and four steeple roof pieces.
10.Cut out the windows on the long church walls.
11.Cut out the door on one of the short church walls. Trim 1/8 inch off the door piece, all the way around, and cut it in half lengthwise to make a double door.
12.Use a round cookie cutter (or jar lid) to cut out a round window in the other short church wall (center it roughly over the line where the triangle and square meet). Cut out some long thin strips and divide this circle window in pie wedges, if you wish (sixths or eighths).
13.Cut out stairs from the scraps: you'll need 3 pieces, each 3 inches long with the following widths: 1/2 inch, 1 inch, and 1 1/2 inches.
14.Bake as directed in "How to Make Gingerbread for a Gingerbread House." 
Tips:
Cut out the big pieces first and fit the others in as you can.
If you want stained glass windows, fill the window openings with varicolored hard candies before you bake. Be very careful when taking them off the pan - hot sugar is just about the hottest thing that can come out of an oven. Once it cools it will be very brittle. 
Construct Your Church, Roof and Steeple

Steps:
15.Spread frosting "mortar" thickly along the short edges of the church walls.
16.Stand them up on a tray and join them together to make a box with an open top; let dry for about an hour.
17.Build the steps while the walls dry: stack the strips in front of the door beginning with the widest (1 1/2 inches) and ending with the narrowest, using thin coats of mortar between them.
18.Spread mortar thickly along the top edge of the church walls all the way around and on the long edge of one of the roof pieces.
19.Place the roof pieces on the roof, pushing them together firmly so that they meet solidly at the roofline.
20.Prop them with something solid (cookbooks, for example) so that they don't slide down the roof as they dry (they should be reasonably solid in about an hour).
21.Take the door pieces and use mortar to prop them at an inviting angle while the roof dries.
22.Spread mortar along the inside of both the cutout triangles and along the long sides of all four steeple pieces.
23.Build your steeple near the door-end of the church. You can't prop anything on the church roof (it's not strong enough) so have something ready - a piece of plastic wrap or a clean strip of rag or cheesecloth - to wrap around the steeple to hold it steady while it dries.
24.Make the steeple cap while the steeple dries: spread mortar along the two long sides of each triangle and join the triangles together.
25.Use mortar to attach the cap to the steeple.
26.Decorate your castle with candy, using the mortar to secure it.
27.Drip some mortar from the eaves to suggest icicles; dust with powdered sugar for snow. 
Tips:
Build the church on a tray large enough to accommodate whatever "setting" - trees, an old graveyard, a cornmeal path - you want to add.
Use soup cans to prop up the walls and hold them until the mortar dries. 
Overall Tips: You can do this with a knife - but a pastry bag (or a less expensive metal or plastic plunger-type device, generally called a "cake decorator") makes applying the mortar much easier.   

How to Buy Life Insurance for Your Wife


Steps:
1.Contact your employee benefits office to determine your eligibility for dependent group life insurance and find out how much you can purchase on your wife.
2.Ask your wife, if she is employed, to find out through her employee benefits office if she has employer-sponsored group life insurance, how much coverage she currently has, and how much additional group life insurance she can buy.
3.Inventory all other available sources of group life insurance for which you or your wife might be eligible, including the Veterans Administration, professional organizations, and fraternal orders.
4.Assign an approximate dollar amount for child care, rounding up to the nearest thousand.
5.Determine the number of years it will take for your youngest child to finish a four-year college education.
6.Multiply those years by the gross annual income your wife now produces, rounded up to the nearest thousand dollars.
7.Sum those two dollar amounts to calculate the insurance need.
8.Add up the total amount of group life insurance currently in force on your wife, and then add any additional amount for which you might qualify.
9.Sign up for group life insurance during the next open-enrollment period to meet the calculated insurance need.
10.Apply for term insurance to make up any significant difference between group coverage and the calculated insurance need. 
Tips:
If there is no adverse financial impact to you or your family in the event of your wife's premature death, don't buy life insurance for her.
Consider all factors specific to your particular situation that might reduce the costs above, such as extended family support and inheritances.
Group life is cheap. Buy as much as you can up to the insurance need.
Ask the provider(s) of any group coverage for a "certificate of insurance" (they do not issue "policies") for your records.
If you need term insurance, quotes are available online.
Consider a level-premium term for needs longer than five years.
Review your wife's coverage annually or when your family needs change.
As insurance needs decrease, reduce coverage annually, starting with any individually owned term insurance. 
Warnings:
Term insurance has no cash value.
Permanent insurance has a cash value, but is many times more expensive than term and ties up money that probably could be put to better use for a young family.
Don't buy more insurance than is necessary. The total face amount of insurance you have on your wife is to cover economic necessities, not reflect your love for her in dollars.
Don't buy less insurance than necessary in an effort to buy a permanent insurance policy within your budget. Cover the need.
Smokers cost more to insure than non-smokers.
Don't buy more insurance on yourself than necessary just to get coverage for your wife through a "spousal rider."
Be truthful with any insurance application. Fraudulent statements can result in partial or total loss of benefits.   

How to Buy a Radio-Controlled Sailplane or Glider


Steps:
1.Read, read, read. Subscribe to enthusiast magazines and use the Internet. Make an informed decision.
2.Visit a variety of hobby stores.
3.Talk to store owners and knowledgeable clerks.
4.Join a radio-control model flying club.
5.Take part in the club's flying activities and learn from the performance of the various sailplane replicas.
6.Find a mentor among flying club members.
7.Study the dynamics of flight. Sailplanes truly are miniature airplanes operating on the same physical principles as their regular counterparts.
8.Relate the various models to your skill level. A sailplane, by definition, has a large wing area and wants to soar, but you'll want to begin your hobby with a trainer model.
9.Choose a model that also relates to your skills as a constructor. "Almost ready to fly" models are available for inexperienced constructors.
1..Take flying lessons from a qualified instructor if you're new to the hobby in order to avoid crashing expensive models and becoming discouraged.
1..Check with your instructor for a recommendation about your first scale model purchase.
1..Remember, true sailplanes have no engines. Controls are limited to rudder, elevator and ailerons.
1..Judge basic stability and performance partly on wing shape, wing span and dihedral. 
Tips:
Gliders and sailplanes are "green" - no noise, no fuel, no mess.
Sailplanes generally are less expensive than scale models with motors.
Sailplanes can be equipped with small electric motors to get the aircraft airborne, but the simplest launch method is a "hi-start," a rubber band-stake-cord device that pulls the sailplane aloft like a kite.
Launching a sailplane from a cliff or slope can be accomplished by simply tossing it into the wind. Sailplanes want to soar.
You can purchase a basic sailplane for $40 for use with a two-channel radio control system. 
Warnings:
Experienced R/C flyers say sailplanes are challenging, but easier to learn. A pilot's flight time is limited only by the battery life of the control system.
The best scale-model pilot may not be the best teacher. Look for an instructor with skill and patience.