How to Treat Heatstroke

1.Evaluate for heatstroke (see "How to Assess Heat Illness"). If you suspect heatstroke, treat with the following steps.
2.Move the patient out of direct sunlight, preferably into a cool, shaded area. Image a.)
3.Have the patient lie flat and elevate his or her feet. Image b.)
4.Remove heat-retaining clothing. Image c.)
5.Wet the patient down and fan him or her, or immerse the patient in cool water.
6.Place ice packs on the patient's head, back of the neck, armpits, palms of the hands, soles of the feet and groin. Image d.Image e.)
7.Hydrate well with lots of water, a diluted sports drink or oral rehydration solution, but only if the patient is conscious enough to hold a cup and drink unassisted. Image f.)
8.Monitor body temperature frequently, keeping careful notes on how long the patient remains at a given temperature. Transfer these notes when you transfer care.
9.Evacuate immediately, continually monitoring and writing down the patient's body temperature.    
A person suffering from heatstroke is likely to have an unstable body temperature even after the body has cooled, so be alert for either hypothermia (see "How to Diagnose and Treat Hypothermia") or an escalating temperature.
If you've immersed the person in cool water, remove him or her and fan once body temperature reaches 102 degrees or lower. 
Evacuate immediately, even if the person appears to be recovering.
Don't administer heat-reducing medications.
Don't use salt tablets to rehydrate, as these are too concentrated. Use oral rehydration salts instead. 
Overall Warnings:
If symptoms persist or if you have specific medical conditions or concerns, please contact a physician.
This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment. 

How to Put a Bike on a Car Rack

Trunk Rack
1.Place the first bike on the rack so that the rack is supporting the frame. Adjust the pedals so they don't interfere with the bumper.
2.Tie the bike frame to the rack at the two points where the rack supports the frame. Use bungee cords if you don't trust your knots.
3.Place the second bike on the rack facing in the opposite direction of the first. For a better fit, lift the handlebars of the second bike over the rear tire of the first.
4.Secure the second bike to the rack, also at the points where the bike frame and the bike rack meet.
5.Tie the front wheel of each bike to the frame. This keeps the wheels from banging and spinning.
6.Tie the outside bike's wheels to the car's bumper, or beneath the car, to keep the bikes from swinging. 
Wrap the pedal tightly in a rag to avoid scratching the car. Secure it with a rubber band.
The bikes shouldn't extend lower than your bumper. If they do, or if the bikes obscure your brake lights, remove them and raise the rack one notch. 
Roof Rack

7.Remove the front wheel of your bike, if needed, depending on the type of roof rack you own.
8.Lift the bike using your legs, not your back.
9.Place the rear wheel in the channel of the roof rack, and place the front wheel or fork in the clamp.
1..Tighten the front and rear clamps.
1..Shake the bike gently to make sure the clamps are secure enough.
1..Remember to put the front wheel in your car's trunk if you removed it. 
Note how high your car is with the bikes on top, and remember that the bikes are there when driving below trees, through drive-throughs or into a parking garage.
If you park your car in a garage after the ride, post a note on the windshield to remind yourself that you have bikes on the roof.
In case of rain, tape a plastic bag over the seat with heavy, waterproof tape. The rest of the bike will dry quickly, so don't bother with a tarp - it'll blind your rear vision or flap around on the roof. 

How to Time Your Trip to Lake Tahoe

General Considerations
1.Decide when to visit Lake Tahoe, which sits between California and Nevada. If at all possible, try to plan your vacation for midweek, particularly in the high seasons: summer and ski season. Sometimes it seems as if the San Francisco Bay area migrates to Tahoe on weekends.
2.Find out if there are any festivals or events you'd like to check out (see Section 2, below).
3.Seek out reasonably priced flights, transportation and accommodations. The least expensive motels can be found on the south shore of the lake.
4.Check the weather forecast before you leave, and pack accordingly. Always bring a warm jacket; even in the summer, evening temperatures can dip into the low 40s. 
Seasonal Events and Attractions

5.Ride the tram at Heavenly Ski Resort and have lunch at the top of the world.
6.Cruise the lake on a stern-wheeler; they leave from both South Lake Tahoe and Zephyr Cove.
7.Take a day to drive around the lake, stopping for hikes down to the beach.
8.Bliss out on a ski run with a view of the lake.
9.Stretch your legs on the Tahoe Rim Trail, a path that follows the ridges above the lake.
1..Test your relationship with Lady Luck at one of the Stateline casinos.
1..Catch the biggest winter carnival in the west at Snowfest, which offers ten days of (among other things) ski races, ice carving, live music and parades. 
Overall Tips:
May, June, September and October offer less crowded conditions, but evening temperatures can drop to the low 30s.
Some lodges offer packages that include lift tickets that are interchangeable, allowing you to try different ski areas within one visit. 

How to Understand Different Kinds of Fonts

1.Understand that Type 1 fonts are based on a specification developed by Adobe Systems. Adobe also created the page-description language PostScript, which instructs PostScript how to draw what's on the page.
2.Recognize that TrueType fonts are based on a specification developed by Apple Computer (with a little help from Microsoft). Originally, they were created because Adobe kept the specification for Type 1 fonts private, and font designers had to use a different font format (Type 3) to convert their fonts from older formats to a standard format. Type 1 is now an open specification.
3.Understand that TrueType fonts use one file to hold all the information needed to display a font on the computer screen and print it. PostScript fonts need two files. On the Macintosh, there is a screen bitmap and a printer file. In Windows, PostScript fonts consist of a PFM (printer font metrics) and a PFB (printer font binary). The metrics file contains information about the spacing for the font, while the PFB file contains the outlines that describe how the font should appear.
4.Realize that most type foundries converted their fonts to Type 1 first. However, many of these are now converting their foundries to TrueType.
5.Recognize that, since traditional type foundries converted to Type 1 first, Type 1 fonts have the reputation for being better designed. While some TrueType fonts are catching up, if you intend to create a high-quality design piece and are printing to a PostScript printer, you may want to consider a PostScript font.
6.Learn that kerning pairs (the adjustment of space between two characters - for example, the space between the letters "rs" and "fi" might be different) and appropriate letter spacing may help determine the quality of a font. The better a font looks without any manual adjustment, the better it was initially designed. Ideally, the font should be well enough designed that thousands of kerning pairs aren't needed for a nice appearance.
7.Understand that a quality font should print out nicely, regardless of the size you use. 
Try typing all sizes and letters in a new font. In addition, try accessing some special characters to see how complete your new set is. Fonts from traditional font providers should be complete, but "bargain" fonts may be missing some specialty characters or may have inferior spacing.
You need to install Adobe Type Manager or use a PostScript printer to print PostScript (Type 1) fonts. Windows 2000 can handle PostScript fonts without ATM or a PostScript Printer. 
Warnings: Avoid fonts priced to sell. Thousands of fonts for $10.99 means you'll probably get thousands of poor quality fonts. These may work if you're going to use them in a digital design (if you're going to rasterize them in Photoshop or another paint program) but may cause limitations when preserving the outlines in a printed format.   

How to Select a Gift for a 2-Year-Old Boy

1.Indulge your inner child: What would you have liked to have to play with at two? A multicolored tricycle? That big red wagon? A complete plastic cooking set?
2.Wander through a store, online or real, and pick the most compelling item.
3.Ask for help: Talk to friends and relatives, and to really jump-start your search, ask the little boy's parents what gift might be just right.
4.Consider clothing, but always buy older sizes so he won't outgrow those green corduroy overalls too soon.
5.Remember that money, in the form of a savings bond or gift certificate, is always a useful gift.
6.Buy books. Even though he's not reading yet, he's probably into touching, feeling, and turning those pages.
7.Check that whatever you settle on is age-appropriate and toddler-safe. 
You might get a big smile and get to watch some enthusiastic play, but don't expect a personal thank-you from a two-year-old.
Make sure whatever you get is returnable - in case he's already got one or it just doesn't fit his parents' taste. 
Warnings: Check packaging and warning labels carefully to be sure whatever you settle on is toddler-safe.   

How to Create a SQL Query in Microsoft Access

Creating a Union Query
1.Open the Database window.
2.Click the Queries tab. Click New. The New Query dialog box opens.
3.Click Design View. Click OK. The Show Tables dialog box appears.
4.Don't add any tables. Click Close.
5.Click on the Query menu, then click on SQL Specific. Select Union.
6.Enter SQL select statements. Add the Union operation if you don't want duplicate records or the Union All operation if you do want duplicate records.
7.Click View to see your results. 
Union queries allow you to combine records from two or more tables.
Select statements that you can use are Select, From, Where, Group By, Having, Order By, and With Owner Access Option. 
Creating a Pass-Through Query and Creating a Data-Definition Query

8.Follow steps 1 through 4 above to create a pass-through query.
9.From the Query menu, click on SQL Specific and then on Pass-through.
1..From the View menu, select Properties. The query property sheet appears.
1..Set the ODBCConnectSTR property to define information about the database you intend to connect to. You will need information about the server.
1..Type your pass-through query in the SQL Pass-through Query window.
1..Click Run on the toolbar. If your query returns records, click View instead.
1..Follow steps 1 through 4 above to create a data-definition query.
1..Open the Query menu and select SQL Specific, then click on Data Definition.
1..Enter the SQL statement for your query. You can enter Create Table, Alter Table, Drop Table and Create Index.
1..Click the Run icon on the toolbar.  
Pass-through queries retrieve records or change data on networked (ODBC) databases.
Data-definition queries create or modify database objects like those found in Microsoft Access or in Microsoft SQL Server tables. 
Creating a Subquery

1..Create a new select or action query. (See Related Hows for instructions.)
1..In Query Design view, add the desired fields to the design grid.
2..To use a subquery to define criteria for a field, type a SQL select statement in the Criteria cell. Set the select statement in parentheses. If you're using a subquery to define a Field cell, type a select statement in the Field cell instead.
2..Rename the fields if desired.
2..Click the View button to see the results. 
Tips: Subqueries are made up of a SQL select statement located inside another select query or action query. Subqueries allow you to test to find out whether something exists or does not exist, to find values in the main query that are equal to, greater than or less than values in the subquery, or to create nested subqueries (that is, subqueries within subqueries). 
Overall Tips: Using SQL can be complex. For more information on using SQL select statements, consider buying a book on SQL.   

How to Change Your Diet if You Have Hypoglycemia

1.Start off with a healthy breakfast every morning. Your body is in a "fast" state upon wakening, so your blood sugar will be naturally low.
2.Eat small frequent meals throughout the day. Six meals containing 200-300 calories each will help keep blood sugar levels in balance.
3.Eat a diet high in complete proteins, including such foods as lean meat and chicken, skim milk and egg whites.
4.Opt for a diet low in simple carbohydrates, avoiding foods such as sugar, honey and children's cereal.
5.Choose complex carbohydrates, especially those found in fruits, vegetables and high-fiber foods like oatmeal. Fiber helps regulate blood sugar levels, keeping your metabolism in balance. 
Avoid foods and beverages containing caffeine, white sugar and white flour.
Eliminate or decrease your intake of alcoholic beverages.
The average adult should have one to two teaspoons of circulating blood sugar, with a small amount stored in the liver for emergencies. One 12-ounce can of regular soda pop contains nine teaspoons of sugar. 
Warnings: If you have any questions or concerns, contact a physician or other healthcare professional before engaging in any activity related to health and diet. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment.  

How to Obtain a Copy of Your Credit Report

1.Visit the Web site for one of these credit reporting agencies: Equifax (, TransUnion ( or Experian (
2.Decide whether you want to order a report online, by phone or by mail.
3.Have a credit or debit card handy if ordering online or by phone.
4.Include your full name, current address and any other addresses you have had in the last two years, Social Security number, date of birth, current employer and phone number if ordering by mail. Sign your request and include a check for the applicable amount. You can expect to receive a paper copy of your credit report within 15 business days.
5.Review the report closely for errors. If you do find errors, inform the bureau in writing that you believe the information is in error. Include copies of any documentation to support your position.
6.Consider using one of the services that reports information from all of the major agencies - they can sometimes report information differently. 
Tips: You may qualify for a free copy of your credit report if you can verify one of the following: You are unemployed, on welfare or plan to seek employment within 60 days; you have recently been refused credit due to something in your credit report; you believe you are a victim of fraud; you live in Colorado, Georgia, Maryland, Vermont, Massachusetts or New Jersey. 

How to Be a Vegetarian

1.Eat a wide variety of foods. Include legumes, fruits, vegetables and whole grains in your diet. This is the best way to ensure that you are getting all the nutrients you need.
2.Add soy products to your diet, unless you are allergic to soy. Soy is a very good source of protein; plus, it has other health benefits and may even help protect against some cancers.
3.Eat as much fresh food as possible. Minimal processing helps keep nutrients intact.
4.Buy grains and beans in bulk. It's usually cheaper and cuts down on excess packaging.
5.Look for organically grown foods. If you make the commitment to be a vegetarian or vegan, then go for the best produce. Organically grown foods are grown without pesticides or chemical fertilizers, so there is no worry about toxic residues. They are also better for the environment.
6.Use organically grown eggs and dairy products if you include them in your diet. The cows and chickens are usually treated more humanely on organic farms, and you won't have to worry about unwanted residues in your food.
7.Buy a vegetarian cookbook. Impress your skeptical friends with how great veggie food can be.
8.Dabble in ethnic cooking. Many cultures, including Indian, Chinese, Thai, Italian and Mexican, have wonderful meatless cuisines.
9.Visit vegetarian restaurants in your city. Support their effort.
1..Consider your reasons for becoming a vegetarian. If it's for ethical reasons, then you may want to consider other ways to remove animal products from your life. One way is to buy cruelty-free products from companies that do not test on animals. Another is to use leather substitutes.
1..Join vegetarian groups. Surf the Web. There are many veggie resources online. 
Whether you want to take vitamins is an individual decision. Some vegans do not get sufficient B-12, and many experts recommend that everyone take vitamins in order to ensure optimal health, regardless of the diet they eat.
Buy from farmer's markets. You will have produce that may have been picked that day, will probably pay a lower price than at the regular store, and will help keep family farms in business.
Let your favorite restaurants know that you appreciate their commitment to offering meatless dishes. Maybe they'll put more on the menu.
Tell your neighborhood grocery store that you'd like to see a greater variety of fresh produce, if the selection is skimpy. Ask for other items and brands you like.  
Warnings: If you have any questions or concerns regarding becoming a vegetarian, contact a physician or other health care professional before engaging in any activity related to health and diet. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment. 

How to Buy a Telemark Boot

1.Look in your wallet and decide how much cash you can spend on boots. New telemark boots cost between $200 and $500.
2.Choose between buying leather or plastic boots. Plastic boots offer superior support and are the common boot of choice today. Leather boots often flex easier, are more comfortable and are the classic telemark boot.
3.Select a boot that that has a cuff that extends above the ankle for support. Most modern leather and plastic boots extend halfway up the shin.
4.Spend some time with the salesperson getting a proper fit. Your foot should feel snug in the boot with no pinching and your toes should be near the end of the boot but not quite touching.
5.Buckle the boot. You should be able to adjust the buckles anywhere from a loose fit to a tight fit.  
Custom boot fitting can be performed at an extra cost by most ski shops to personalize a boot.
Ski swaps are a great way to get good boots and other gear at reduced prices.