How to Perform a Forward Pike off a Springboard


Steps:
1.Walk to the end of the board and turn your back to the water. Take four regular paces and add ten inches to that position. Turn around and face the pool. This is your optimal starting position. Take note of where you are and make adjustments as you improve.
2.Take your first step with your strong leg (the leg you want to hurdle from). The first and second steps are like normal walking steps; the third step is longer.
3.Swing your arms upward, to about shoulder height, as you take your third step with enough spring to jump about a foot above the board. Bring both feet together at the peak of your hurdling step.
4.Drop down and land with your feet together on the end of the board, swinging your arms back down.
5.Bend your knees and ride the press of the board down.
6.Begin to swing your arms upward and straighten your legs, pressing the board down to its greatest depth.
7.Swing your arms up over your head, keeping them straight and out in front of you as the recovery of the springboard propels you into the air.
8.Begin to bend at the hips almost immediately after leaving the board. Bring your arms down to touch your toes as your hips continue to rise.
9.Touch your toes (or as far as you can reach without bending your knees), and then allow your legs to swing upward and back, so they rise up above you.
1..Bring your hands together over your head and tuck your head between your shoulders as you enter the water vertically. Keep your legs straight and your toes pointed. 
Tips:
Keep your eyes open throughout the dive.
If you have a hard time touching your toes, touch your knees instead. Always keep your legs straight to do this dive correctly. 
Warnings:
Never dive alone or unsupervised.
Springboard diving is a physically demanding sport that could result in serious injury or death. We recommend that you seek proper training before attempting this activity. 

How to Identify and Treat Recluse (Fiddleback) Spider Bites


Steps:
1.Learn to recognize fiddleback spiders, which get their name from a violin-shaped mark on the back of their heads. Their bodies are a little more than 1cm in length, and their legs reach to about 5cm.
2.Exercise caution when stepping or reaching into places where fiddleback spiders are likely to be: in hot, dry, unoccupied environments like dried logs, wood piles, or abandoned buildings.
3.Look for the signs and symptoms of a fiddleback spider bite: pain at the site of the bite within a few hours, a blister at the site of the bite which will often grow in size and rupture and occasional nausea, vomiting, fever or chills.
4.Clean the bite with an antiseptic cleanser (See "How to Clean a Wound").
5.Apply an ice pack to the site of the bite.
6.Monitor the bite area, if a blister forms and then pops, carefully clean and dress the wound to prevent infection (See "How to Clean a Wound" and "How to Bandage a Wound").
7.Administer pain killers to provide some relief of the symptoms.
8.Evacuate immediately so the injured person may be treated in a hospital to minimize tissue damage. 
Overall Tips:
The fiddleback, or recluse spider, is also known as the "brown spider".
People often don't see the spider or feel the bite. You might not be able to diagnose it until a blister develops.    
Overall Warnings:
These bites can leave crater-like scars if not treated in a hospital with drug therapy within 24 hours. Evacuate immediately.
Do not attempt to lance the bite or extract the venom.
This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment. 

How to Get out of the Water and Into a Boat When Snorkeling


Steps:
1.Check to see that the engine is either off or that you are far away from the propeller before approaching the boat.
2.Swim up to the spot where you plan to climb out, making sure to watch your head in case the boat is bouncing.
3.Remove your weight belt – taking care not to drop it or any individual weights – and hand it to someone on board. This will make you more buoyant and ease your climbing effort. Depending on the boat, this maneuver can require significant upper-body strength. Appropriate exercise will make this move much easier for you.
4.Hand any other excess gear to someone aboard the boat so that your hands are free to help you climb.
5.Have someone aboard give you a hand when you are ready to climb out.
6.Keep your fins on and use them to help thrust you upward if you're using a swim step or climbing over the side.
7.Perform a "dip" with both hands shoulder-width apart.
8.Turn your body 180 degrees until you are in a seated position.
9.Hold onto the boat and carefully remove your gear. 
Tips: When exiting using a swim ladder, always remove fins first. 
Warnings: Falling back into the water on top of another snorkeler or falling into the boat are common causes of injuries. Use one hand for you and one hand for the boat to prevent such accidents. 
Overall Warnings: Snorkeling is an inherently dangerous activity that can result in serious injury or death. We recommend that you seek proper training and equipment before attempting this activity. 

How to Feed a Cool-Season Lawn


Steps:
1.Determine the general square footage of your lawn so that you can buy the correct amount of fertilizer and determine the proper rate of application.
2.Identify the type of grass that you have and the type of fertilizer - granular or liquid, fast-acting or slow-release, organic or nonorganic - that is best for your lawn. Granular fertilizers with a mixture of fast- and slow-acting nitrogen are usually best.
3.Determine how much fertilizer needs to be applied. Instructions on fertilizer packages will include information on amount and timing of application.
4.Use a push-type drop spreader, which allows the fertilizer to fall straight out the bottom. (Handheld or push-type broadcast spreaders, which cast fertilizer over a wider area, can be used on large lawns but are harder to use properly.)
5.Fill the spreader with fertilizer. The fertilizer label will tell you how to adjust the settings on the spreader so that you apply the right amount of fertilizer.
6.Make a pass around the outside of the lawn with the spreader, pulling the handle to release the fertilizer and walking at a normal speed. Let go of the handle when you stop.
7.Apply fertilizer to the rest of the lawn by pushing the spreader back and forth between the edges. Overlap the wheel tracks as you make your passes. Where vertical strips meet horizontal, close the spreader, turn, and then reopen it for best coverage.
8.Water the lawn thoroughly after fertilizing. 
Tips:
Fertilize cool-season lawns every six to eight weeks in spring and fall. Avoid fertilizing in midsummer when the lawn is growing slowly. (Yellowing or fading grass color and loss of vitality indicate the lawn may need a boost.)
If you live in an area with alkaline soil, using a fertilizer that contains extra iron will help keep your lawn green.
When filling the spreader, rest it on a driveway or path so that you can easily clean up spills. Sweep up any spilled fertilizer while it's dry to avoid staining the surface material.
If you spill fertilizer on the lawn, clean up what you can, and then water the spill area heavily. 
Warnings:
Wear gloves to keep skin from coming in contact with fertilizer.
Avoid breathing the fertilizer dust.
Overfertilizing can burn the lawn and make it susceptible to insects and diseases and can also pollute water supplies. Washing spills into gutters will also contribute to pollution.
Never fertilize a dry lawn.
"Weed and Feed" products are used differently than plain fertilizers. Follow label instructions carefully.   

How to Defend Against an Attack While On Your Stomach


Steps:
1.Roll to your side quickly if possible.
2.Bend your knee and pull your leg toward your chest.
3.Kick to the front of the attacker's knee to knock the attacker down.
4.Bend your knee and pull your leg toward your chest again.
5.Kick the attacker's ribs to stop the attack.
6.Stand and run away.
7.Bend your elbow and drive it backwards into the attacker's ribs or to any exposed area if you cannot roll to your side.
8.Strike more than once, if necessary.
9.Roll to your side as soon as the attacker moves to avoid your blows.
1..Try reaching back and pulling the attacker's hair, poking the attacker's eyes, and so forth if you cannot strike with your elbow. Any strike that will distract the attacker may give you the opening you need to roll to your side and kick. 
Tips: If an attack continues, look for weapons. You might throw grocery items, such as soup cans, at the attacker's face and then run away while he is distracted. 
Warnings: Leave all material goods behind. Nothing of cash value is worth risking your life over. 
Overall Warnings: Practicing the martial arts is an inherently dangerous activity that can result in serious injury or death. We recommend that you seek proper training and equipment before attempting this activity. 

How to Refinish a Hardwood Floor

Sanding the Floor
Steps:
1.Rent a floor sander. It should look like a large, heavy vacuum cleaner. Floor sanders can be rented at most equipment rental shops. (Bring a friend to help you move it, as they are very heavy.) Ask for a demonstration of how the sander works before you leave the rental shop.
2.Check the floor carefully for any nails (pound these down below the surface), carpet staples or tacks (pull these). Any of these can cause your sandpaper to wear faster than necessary.
3.Clip the heaviest-grit sandpaper (20 grit) into the sander.
4.Run the sander over the floor in the direction of the wood's grain. Push or pull the sander in straight, even strokes. Don't sand across the grain.
5.Remember to keep the machine in motion while it's turned on. If you gouge the floor a little while sanding, go over it again with the sander in several long strokes to even it out.
6.Remove the heavy-grit sandpaper when the whole floor is sanded, and clip a light-grain sandpaper (100 grit) into the sander. Sand scratches and lines in the floor as many times as necessary to remove them.
7.Go over the floor once more with the light-grain sandpaper.
8.Repeat steps 1 through 5 with an edging machine if your floor sander doesn't reach the edge of the floor. (These can also be found at your rental center.) 
Tips: Using a smaller hand sander is a lot of work and very hard on your back.  
Warnings: Always wear a dust mask and ensure adequate ventilation when working with sanding tools. 
Staining the Floor

Steps:
9.Decide if you want to stain the floor or if you would prefer to leave the floor natural in tone, in which case you can move right on to applying a finish (see "Finishing the Floor").
10.Brush the floor clear of all sawdust from the sander using a broom.
11.Use a shop vacuum to pick up even finer dust. The cleaner the floor at this stage, the better your finish will look in the end.
12.Open the windows to ventilate the area.
13.Apply some stain with a rag to a corner of the floor or the back of a closet to check that the color is the one you want. Wait 5 minutes for the stain to dry. When you're satisfied with the color, you're ready to continue.
14.Apply a first coat of stain to the rest of the floor. Use a brush if you want to apply heavier, darker coats (smooth out with a rag); if you want lighter, more controlled applications, use only rags to work in the stain. Apply long, even strokes, going with the wood's grain.
15.Allow the first coat to dry. If necessary, apply a second coat, or touch up light spots.
16.Make sure the floor is completely dry before you apply finish.  
Tips: It's better to apply two or even three light coats to reach the desired tint. One heavy coat can leave you with a floor that's darker than you want, and lightening it is a difficult, if not impossible, process. 
Warnings:
Most finishes have harmful vapor, so make sure the work area is well-ventilated.
Don't smoke or have open flames in the area.  
Finishing the Floor

Steps:
17.Stir the container of polyurethane finish; shaking the mix will create air bubbles that show up in the final finish.
18.Apply polyurethane with a brush or roller, using smooth, even strokes with the grain to avoid marks in the finish.
19.Allow the finish to dry; this will take about 3 hours depending on the brand.
20.Add a second coat. Allow the final coat to dry overnight at the least, and up to three days before moving furniture or rugs back on the floor. 
Tips: Waxing the floor is another finishing option, though it's not as popular these days due to the amount of upkeep. Wax should be applied in light, even coats until the desired sheen and protection level is reached. Remember to never mix polyurethane and wax finishes - they're not compatible.    

How to Pack a First Aid Kit for a Hike


Steps:
1.Pack sunscreen, sunglasses and a visor or hat.
2.Make sure to bring outdoor basics: insect repellent, a Swiss army or other kind of pocketknife, a flashlight, and waterproof matches or a lighter.
3.Include high-energy snacks, fruit - such as apples or bananas - and at least two bottles of water.
4.Purchase and take along a travel-size first aid kit, available at sporting goods stores. If the kit doesn't already include bandages and antiseptic lotion, pack them as well. Also, pack allergy medication for allergic reactions or stings.
5.Pack essential outdoor clothing items such as a windbreaker, an extra pair of wool socks, and thick leggings or sweatpants.
6.Bring a map and a cell phone if you can make calls from the area in which you'll be hiking. Call your cell-phone provider to find out. 
Tips:
Bring a novel along for good, quiet reading time.
It's a good idea to keep a few freeze-dried meals in your backpack.
Keep a lightweight tarp or blanket in your backpack. 
Warnings:
Avoid exploring too far off trails - you could get lost.
Tell a friend when and where you will be hiking.
Cell phones might not work in the mountains.
Check with your doctor and pharmacist about purchasing a special kit if you're highly allergic to stings. 

How to Write a Platonic Valentine


Steps:
1.Think about why you want to send this person a valentine, and be honest with yourself. Are your intentions really platonic or does some part of you hope for something more? If you’re not sure, think twice about sending a valentine at all.
2.Choose your words with care. Avoid the word “love” completely, if possible, and choose other words and phrases to express your feelings about the person. Look over what you have written when you are finished, before you seal and send the valentine.
3.Avoid flowery, romantic valentines; go for humorous, silly ones. Or just get a blank card and write your own message.
4.Keep romantic and sexual innuendo out of your valentine, unless the recipient would understand your irony. Even so, comments that might be harmless on any other day of the year can seem loaded with meaning on Valentine’s Day.
5.Be honest and straightforward and let your friend know how much – and why – you care. If you like, mention specific incidents or occasions that make this person special to you.  
Tips: If you want to send a valentine to someone, but don’t want the person to take it as a romantic overture, consider sending a cute children’s valentine – this sends the message that you are just a good buddy with a sense of humor, rather than a possible life partner. It also lets the recipient know that you probably needed enough valentines to buy a “classroom-sized” pack of 20 or 30 little cards. 
Warnings:
If you know someone has a crush on you, but your feelings for this person are purely platonic, don't send a valentine – it could raise false hopes and could lead to hurt feelings in the future. Ask your friend out for coffee instead, or just wait until Valentine’s Day is over to get in touch.
If the recipient of your platonic valentine is married or in a steady relationship, proceed carefully or not at all! You don’t want to get your friend into trouble by sending a valentine that could be misunderstood by your friend’s partner.   

How to Hire a Video Professional for Your Wedding


Steps:
1.Obtain glowing recommendations from friends, family and prospective videographers themselves.
2.Plan to interview three to five video professionals.
3.Ask to see a demo tape of their work to ascertain the quality of their shooting and editing skills.
4.Check their credentials. Who will be doing the actual taping? How many years have they worked in the business? Do they know details about lighting?
5.Inquire about their equipment – look for a video pro who uses an S-VHS camera, a Beta SP camera or a single-chip Hi-8 camera that combines professional controls with lower light capabilities.
6.Discuss technical details that you would like added to the video, such as computer-generated animation. Ask to see examples of what the videographer has to offer.
7.Talk to the videographers about the types of shots you would like to include, such as reactions of guests and certain camera angles. Do they have the experience to catch all the right shots?
8.Ask yourself if you like the prospective videographer as a person. Remember, he or she will be interviewing your loved ones and shadowing you throughout the day.
9.Draw up a comprehensive contract that includes a description of the coverage location; the date and times of production; the names the specific individuals who will be doing the taping; a technical description of what will be done, such as multi-camera use and editing; how much you will pay and when; responsibility for the materials if lost or destroyed; the approximate finished length; and the final completion date. 
Warnings: You may have to pay top dollar for high quality work - the right videographer may prove to be a worthy investment.   

How to Use Twin Screws to Get a Powerboat off a Side-Tied Dock


Steps:
1.Release the spring lines and station a crew member at each remaining dock line.
2.Untie both dock lines, then loop each once around its cleat and hand the end to the deck crew.
3.Place extra fenders between the beam and bow.
4.Release the stern dock line.
5.Shift the outboard (further from the dock) engine to forward, while keeping tension on the bow line.
6.Shift quickly back to neutral.
7.Shift both engines to reverse when the stern has come 3 feet or more away from the dock.
8.Steer clear of the dock.
9.Retrieve the dock lines and crew from the deck. 
Warnings: If a substantial wind is blowing on the beam, you may want to add more reverse to the inboard (closer to the dock) engine when you motor away from the dock.