1.Remember as much about the books as you can. Titles and authors’ names are, of course, exceedingly useful, but any tidbit, including the setting (Maine? San Francisco?), the main character’s name (Betsy? Harriet? Tom?) or the theme (a magic garden? a swan that can play the trumpet?) can come in handy. Make notes as you mull it over.
2.Ask the librarian at your child’s school or at the children’s desk in your public library for help, especially with books you don’t remember well. Most children’s librarians have not only a deep passion for children’s literature, but also an encyclopedic memory for plots and characters.
3.Frequent garage sales, especially in turnover neighborhoods (those suburban blocks that were once chock-full of children). People are having fewer kids and having them later, and would-be grandparents who are moving to Florida may decide it’s more important that the books be read than that they be saved for a particular child.
4.Find out if there’s someone in your local used bookstore who specializes in children’s books. It’s a common passion, and these people tend to be knowledgeable. Some will even keep wish lists and notify you when they find the book you’re seeking.
5.Keep an eye out for library book sales. Many collectors look askance at “ex libris” books (books that were once in a library) because they’re less than pristine. Still, they’re often in surprisingly good condition - well-loved, but not destroyed.
6.Check out online services. Most of the larger online stores offer book-search services, while sites that specialize in used and out-of-print books (such as Bibliofind.com and Alibris.com) link networks of small book dealers all over the United States and even abroad.
Memory can play tricks on you, and even reference books can contain typographical errors. Whether you’re searching in reference books or online, check a few different spellings if you can’t find what you’re looking for.
Make this a family project. Ask your family and your same-aged friends to help you jog your memory.
Warnings: Most book search services provide painstaking detail about the condition of each book ("small tear in corner of page 3," "2-inch purple crayon mark on inside back cover"), but ask about the return policy just in case.
1.Wash the fabric to prepare it for dyeing.
2.Tie the damp fabric into rosettes or other types of knots or twists. (See Related Hows.)
3.Fill a squeeze bottle with undiluted liquid dye. Picnic-type ketchup and mustard bottles are great for this.
4.Begin with the dark colors and work up to the light ones.
5.Squeeze the first color onto a section of the fabric and let it sit for a few minutes.
6.Rinse the project under cool running water. Leave all of the ties in place.
7.Apply the next color to another section and rinse as before.
8.Repeat until you're satisfied.
9.Make a dye bath for the final color – typically yellow or another light color.
1..Mix 1/2 c. liquid dye (or 1 package of powdered) in 1 quart of hot water. Dissolve 5 tbsp. of table salt in it. You may have to double this for extra-large T-shirts and sweatshirts.
1..Put the fabric (still tied) in the dye and let it soak for at least 25 minutes.
1..Rinse the cloth in cold water until the water runs clear.
1..Undo the knots and rinse it again.
1..Hang the fabric up to dry out of the sun.
Add more rubber bands at any time during the dyeing for more interesting results.
Wear gloves when working with dyes.
For some types of fabric dyes, you'll need to presoak the fabric in a soda ash solution. Read the instructions on the packaging.
When red is adjacent to green, blue is next to orange, or yellow blends with purple, you'll end up with a muddy, brownish color.
Launder your tie-dyed article separately; colors will bleed for the first several washes. Steps:
1.Wash and dry the white fabric you will be using for the transfer.
2.Decide whether you want to print the transfer from your computer or make a copy of it on a photocopier. Each method and type of computer printer requires a different type of paper.
3.Put the transfer paper in the paper tray of the computer printer or the photocopier with the dull side up.
4.Print or copy the image.
5.Cut away the extra paper around the picture.
6.Preheat your iron to the cotton setting.
7.Iron your white fabric to preheat it, then put the transfer image-side down in place on the fabric.
8.Iron firmly for 15 seconds or so, working from the center to the edges to prevent bubbles.
9.Peel off the paper backing.
Make one copy at a time.
Keep in mind that the image will be backwards - including any words or lettering. If there are words in the picture, you'll need to make a reverse copy with your software or a transparency.
Read the instructions for your particular transfer paper. Some brands require particular heating or exposure settings.
The best fabrics on which to use the transfer are 100 percent cotton, polyester, or cotton/poly blends.
Do not use a steaming iron. Steps:
1.Assess your equipment. You can transfer almost anything onto anything - but some techniques require more preparation, training, and hardware than others. Accept certain limitations. If you don't have a darkroom, it's almost impossible to use a conventional photograph - but you can use a Polaroid. Similarly, if you don't have a silk screen shop set up, that's probably not the best technique for you.
2.Select the image you wish to transfer. You can use almost anything, including a high-quality photocopy, a Polaroid print, a photograph, or an image from a newspaper or magazine.
3.Consider whether there's a way to "transform" your image. For example, if you are set on using a particular photograph, but don't have a darkroom, take a Polaroid of it (and refer to "How to Transfer an Image to Stone or Metal Using Polaroid Transfer Technique") or photocopy it (and follow the directions for transferring an image with acrylic matte medium or Xerox roll-up).
Prepare the Surface
4.Choose your stone or piece of metal. Keep in mind that an image will show up better on a light, smooth surface.
5.Wash or wipe it down, scrubbing if necessary to remove loose particles.
6.Degrease it if necessary (with rubbing alcohol).
7.Coat a metal surface with two coats of spray polyurethane and allow it to dry fully (to seal the surface and prevent it from rusting).
8.Coat a stone surface or sealed metal surface with two coats of acrylic matte medium and allow it to dry completely.
Tips: If you're set on a particular stone or piece of metal and it's very dark or very rough, consider using a few coats of gesso on the area where you want to apply the image. This will give you a white, smooth patch to work on.
Transfer the Image
9.Transfer the image to the stone or metal using the appropriate technique.
1..Allow to dry fully.
1..Coat with acrylic matte medium or spray polyurethane to protect and seal the image.
1.Open the Score, Control Panel and Tool Palette from the Window menu.
2.Click on a cell using the Score window at a point in the frame that is to contain your button. This selects the cell and moves the playback head to the frame that you have chosen.
3.Click on Button in the Tool Palette, then drag the Button tool to the Stage.
4.Draw a button on Stage.
5.Resize your button, color it and add text as desired.
6.Click on your button to select it.
7.Click in the white Script window at the top left-hand side of the screen, then select New Script. A Script window appears and contains the words, "On mouseUp .... end."
8.Locate the blank line that appears between "on MouseUp" and "end."
9.Type the words "go frame frameName" on the black line. In the place of "frameName," use the name of the frame that you have chosen.
1..Close the script window.
1..Play your movie using the Play command on the Control Panel. When you click on your button, the playhead will jump to the frame that you have specified.
Tips: You can also create invisible buttons that will turn other images and text into hyperlinked objects.
Warnings: Be sure to add a "go the frame" script to the frame, or the movie will not pause for input.
1.Decide where you want to live. If you want to live in a mobile home park, you may have some difficulty - vacant spaces are often at a premium. You may have to look outside metropolitan areas for vacant parcels.
2.Decide how much land you need. Do you want to set up a farm or ranch and have lots of space for animals? Or do you want just enough room for your home and a small yard?
3.Check the local newspaper for Land for Sale listings if you are interested in living on a parcel of land, whether big or small. Call a local real estate company, drive around areas you like and look for For Sale signs.
4.See if there are other manufactured homes in the area. If not, you may have difficulty obtaining financing or refinancing. Lenders like to see continuity in an area in which they are going to lend.
5.Get a loan; start with your own lending institution, then check the yellow pages under Banks, Savings & Loans and Real Estate loans. Also check on the Internet.
6.Make your offer directly to the owner if there is no agent involved in the transaction; otherwise, have an agent write the offer for you or give your offer to the agent representing the seller.
When looking for a land loan, consider a loan that will cover the purchase of the land and the manufactured home all in one. A lender may be more willing to lend money if it has the additional collateral of the home; land with a home on it is easier to sell than "raw" land.
You'll probably have better luck with smaller, local lending institutions, but the number of lenders that lend money for land purchases has decreased drastically. Lenders who do land loans typically require a down payment of 30 to 50 percent of the purchase price and may or may not require the loan to be paid off before you are able to build (subordination clause).
If you see a vacant parcel of land in a development or in an area you like, but it's not for sale, get the owner's information from the county recorder's office or a local title insurance or escrow company and contact him about selling.
Make sure the land you're considering is suitable for a manufactured home. Is there water, electric power and sewer nearby, or will you have to dig a well and put in a septic system?
Check with the local zoning department to see if the land is in a flood zone; properties in flood zones are required by the lender to have flood insurance. Homes in flood zones may have to be built up on a higher foundation.
Check local zoning ordinances regarding manufactured homes. Parcels in subdivisions often prohibit manufactured homes.
1.Learn to use both of your edges effectively on the slopes. Learn 180s, 360s, jump airs and riding fakies. Until you have these skills down, you're not ready to ride the halfpipe.
2.Realize that you are not going to get your picture in the magazines on your first run. Concentrate only on the fundamentals on your first day of halfpipe riding. Don't worry about what you've seen and what everyone else is doing.
3.Wait for the halfpipe to be clear of other riders and for it to be your turn.
4.Side slide to the top of the halfpipe, and look down. Plan your run, and do it realistically, thinking about turns and fakies.
5.Take a deep breath to calm yourself, and then enter the halfpipe, traversing across the flats toward the transition.
6.Ride a few feet up the transition, turn your head around to face the opposite direction and then ride down backwards. Absorb the transitions by flexing your knees.
7.Traverse the flats again, riding on your uphill rail and slightly downhill to keep up your speed.
8.Ride up the next wall fakie, and ride down forward.
9.Approach the next transition. Roll from one edge to the other as you reach your high point on the wall. Do a small hop to take pressure off your board and to help you through the turn.
1..Continue down the halfpipe, doing fakies and turns.
Try to get higher and higher on the transition each turn.
If you fall, ride down the center of the pipe to the end. Do not try to continue riding the halfpipe.
Don't let the other halfpipe riders intimidate you. Everyone was a beginner at one time, and you have just as much right to your turn as anyone else.
Warnings: Make sure you're ready to snowboard in the halfpipe before you go there. Don't get overexcited by everything you see in magazines and videos. Learning the fundamentals will get you a lot further then big airs will.
Overall Warnings: Snowboarding is an inherently dangerous activity that can result in serious injury or death. We recommend that you seek proper training and equipment before attempting this activity.
1.Use an airbrush when you want to paint thin lines, cover large areas with an even coat, highlight models with subtle changes of tone and mix unique colors.
2.Make your first airbrush a good-quality, single-action, external-mix unit with a compressor.
3.Move up to a double-action airbrush, which controls paint volume and air volume with a single lever, as you become more competent.
4.Learn about air compressors. Diaphragm compressors are inexpensive, but pulses of the diaphragm can sometimes be seen in the paint finish. The best choice is an automatic-reservoir compressor, which does not run constantly but maintains the constant, steady pressure required.
5.Remember, many expert painters suggest that moisture traps and a gauged, pressure-regulating valve are worthwhile accessories for a beginner's airbrush unit.
6.Build a simple paint booth with an exhaust fan. Keep a paint respirator handy and use it faithfully.
7.Be sure the paint you are using is appropriate for the material used in the model's construction. Some plastics require special paint.
8.Check to see whether a primer is necessary.
9.Practice with your new airbrush. Use scrap metal and plastic as target materials.
1..Remember, the key to getting an even finish is to start the airbrush to one side of the target area, spray with an even stroke across it and go past the area before releasing the trigger.
1..Practice, using scrap materials, other applications such as thin lines and shading from one color to another.
1..Use white artist's tape, drafting tape or automotive-quality flexible masking tape rather than over-the-counter masking tape, which may leave a residue when removed.
1..Avoid spraying at an angle or with excessive force along tape-masked border to keep paint from leaking under tape edge.
1..Clean your airbrush tip by spraying water, with a bit of liquid dishwashing soap added, through it after painting with acrylic paints.
1..Use common rubbing alcohol to finish the job as necessary.
Practice, practice, practice. Like any creative skill, painting with an airbrush comes easily to those who practice most.
Water-based acrylics have become the paint of choice for modelers who use high-quality, major brands. Hobbyists can find premixed paint in authentic colors.
Some hobbyists prefer carbon dioxide or nitrogen gas reservoir tanks for a pressure source for airbrushes; however, inert-gas tanks must be refilled.
Wear a paint mask when using an airbrush. Safety goggles are useful as well.
Always use an airbrush in a well-ventilated area or in an open area.
Paint particles can overspray and damage other objects.
1.Plan to do your abdominal exercises four to five times a week.
2.Review "Do an Abdominal Crunch." (See Related Hows.)
3.Do at least two sets each of standard, reverse and oblique crunches, 15 to 20 repetitions per set. Add the following advanced exercises to your routine only when you can complete these sets. You should see results in 4 to 6 weeks.
4.Perform 10 repetitions of jackknives. Lie flat on your back with your legs straight out together and your arms extended on the floor above your head. Raise your upper and lower body simultaneously, extending hands to feet. Concentrate on using your abdominals to raise your upper and lower body. Pause at the top of the exercise, when your abdominals are contracted, then slowly lower to the starting position.
5.Do 10 repetitions of side bends. Stand up straight with a dumbbell in your right hand and your left hand placed on your hip. Bend to your right slowly, lowering the dumbbell until you feel the muscle in your side (oblique) contracting. Pause, then slowly rise to your starting position. Switch the dumbbell to the other hand and repeat.
6.Incorporate cardiovascular exercise into your program. Exercise for 20 to 30 minutes at a moderate pace, four days a week. A moderate pace is 55 to 75 percent of your maximum effort. You should be able to carry on a conversation while exercising. Track your heart rate by wearing an arm or wrist heart rate monitor while you work out.
7.Maintain variety in your schedule. Running, swimming, cycling, and using some home gym equipment like a stair-stepping machine or treadmill are all excellent forms of cardiovascular activity.
To improve your strength more quickly, lift weights more slowly. This allows your muscles to rely more on strength than momentum.
Get adequate rest: Take one to two rest days a week.
Eat a low-fat diet. (See "Eat to Avoid Heart Disease," under Related Hows.)
For the best and safest results, supplement your abdominal exercises with lower back exercises to strengthen your entire midsection and avoid possible injury.
Perform jacknives and crunches on a padded surface or exercise mat to prevent pain and cushion your back.
Once you have strengthened your abdominals, add ankleweights to your legs during your routine to increase resistance and build definition. You may also consider ab machines and videos that can localize exercises and blast out your washboard.
Skip the more advanced exercises if you have any back problems. The variety of basic crunches you can do will provide sufficient muscle exertion.
If you have any condition that would impair or limit your ability to engage in physical activity, please consult a physician before attempting this activity. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment.
1.Take note of dramatic changes in the employee's performance and on-the-job behavior, such as a work speedup or slowdown, increased long hours or absenteeism, and changes in quality of performance.
2.Meet with the employee and determine whether the problem is personal or job-related.
3.Avoid becoming involved in an employee's personal problem. If the employee needs professional help, put him or her in touch with an employee assistance program.
4.Focus on performance issues if the trouble is job-related. In a calm, nonaccusatory manner, point out the changes in the employee's performance.
5.Ask what you can do to help.
6.Work with the employee to develop concrete goals and a timeline for resolving the issues.
Tips: Have your human resources department set up a contract with an outside employee assistance agency. This will ensure that your employees have access to help without having their privacy compromised.
Warnings: Some problems cannot be solved without professional intervention. Remember, you are not a therapist.
1.Determine what the uses of a loan will be and the amount you need.
2.Decide on the type of loan you want and whether you want to obtain it from a bank, the Small Business Administration or another lender.
3.Update the company’s balance sheet, indicating the current status of assets, liabilities and equity.
4.Update the profit-and-loss statement with a summary covering the company’s expenses, revenues and costs for a particular accounting period.
5.Develop cash flow projections for at least one year, showing how money will flow in and out of the company quarter by quarter.
6.Contact prospective lenders and ask them for an application. In many cases, the quickest way to accomplish this is in person, although it can also be done via e-mail, fax or mail.
7.Consider consulting with legal counsel to aid you in reviewing loan documents and their stipulations.
If two banks turn you down for a loan, you can apply to one of the Small Business Administration’s many loan programs.
Apply for a line of credit at a bank well before you actually need the capital.
Business owners with few business assets can expect to put up personal assets to secure a loan.
Warnings: Be wary of lenders that want to secure your intellectual property as collateral for your loan. Steps:
1.Select the type of business you want to start.
2.Establish a work schedule with specific hours of operation.
3.Set aside an area in your home or garage as a dedicated work space. Pick an area that is removed from hubs of activity, but convenient to phone and electrical outlets.
4.Use your savings to pay for start-up costs and operations until you start generating income.
5.Advertise your business. Bulletin-board notices, classified ads and word of mouth are effective, budget-conscious ways of spreading the word about your new venture.
6.Reinvest profits for at least the first six months to build working capital.
Research the business you've selected. Learn everything you can by consulting industry trade organizations, retired executive organizations and resources such as the Small Business Administration.
Make sure the business you choose can be run during the schedule you've established and doesn't conflict with the hours of your full-time job.
If your part-time business is somHow related to your full-time job, talk to your boss and put to rest possible concerns about conflicts of interest.
Consider the advantages of turning a hobby into a business. You probably already have the basic equipment, and your passion for the work will help carry you through start-up headaches and any hard times that come your way.
Sit your family down and explain what you are trying to accomplish with your business. Let them know you'll need assistance with household chores and a minimum of distractions when you're working from home.
Invest in a basic bookkeeping manual or class.
Warnings: Don't underestimate the importance of record keeping. Set aside time each day for organizing, filing and bookkeeping. This work can be tedious, but it beats overdrawing your checking account or missing a tax deadline. Steps:
1.Determine what type of business you want to own: food, business service or products.
2.Study the available franchises in that category.
3.Contact the franchise headquarters of the companies you are interested in owning. Ask for a franchisee information packet.
4.See what the requirements are for purchasing a franchise.
5.Talk to owners of franchises that you are interested in. Ask them what sort of problems they have had with the franchisors and with the franchise agreement; what should a new franchisee be aware of; and what would they change if they could do it over again?
6.Review the franchisee/franchisor agreement. The agreement should protect both parties and still allow them to conduct their businesses in a manner that will be profitable.
7.Fill out the franchisee application.
The agreement should provide information on the following: the term of the franchise; the terms under which the agreement can be extended, revoked, terminated, sold or transferred; the delineation of fees and other considerations to be paid by the franchisee and for how long; information regarding training and territory (is it specific and exclusive?); whether the franchisor supplies goods, stock, equipment and staff; what the initial fee and continuing payments are; information on performance requirements, including how long are they are enforced and what happens if they are not met; whether prices are set by the franchisor; and what happens if the franchisee dies or becomes incapacitated.
The agreement should take into consideration all that can, could, should and should not happen.
Warnings: Stay away from franchise agreements that do not last long enough for the franchisee to recoup their investment. Steps:
1.Get investors to put up money in exchange for a portion of the profits in the purchase of a multiplex.
2.Hire a commercial real estate broker to make contact with area multiplexes to identify any interested in selling.
3.Find out what the gross and net revenues are for the multiplex (this will also tell you how much operating expenses are).
4.Ask for a copy of the profit and loss statements and statement of liabilities. This will delineate how much money the business is taking in and what exactly the liabilities and losses are, if any.
5.Request copies of contracts with distribution companies. Most multiplexes have contracts that will only allow them to show movies sent out by certain distributors.
6.Make your decision based on the overall financial picture (no pun intended) of the multiplex.
Tips: Contact several owners of multiplexes and ask them what pitfalls and problems there are with the ownership of such a business.
Warnings: Do your research carefully. A lot of money is involved in your decision and you'll most likely have investors that you'll have to report to.
1.Hold down the Control key and tap the Home key (Control+Home) to go to the beginning of a document.
2.Hold down the Control key and tap the End key (Control+End) to go to the end of a document.
3.Hit the Home key to go the beginning of a line.
4.Hit the End key to go to the end of a line.
5.Tap the right arrow key on your keyboard to move one space to the right. To move one space to the left, tap the left arrow key.
6.Tap the up arrow key on your keyboard to move up one line. To move down one line, tap the down arrow key.
7.Use Page Up to move up one screen view. Use Page Down to move down one screen view.
8.Press the Tab key to move forward one tab indent. The exact space that you move is determined by your computer setup. Press Backspace to move backward through tab settings.
9.Press the Escape key to exit special applications that may be running.
Tips: Keyboards featuring a Windows key permit the use of several special keyboard shortcuts.
Warnings: Various software applications may not permit the use of these keyboard commands. If they don't work, you'll have to scroll.