How to Choose Children's Ski Gloves and Mittens

1.Search for a mitten with an elastic or a drawstring cuff. Any device that keeps snow out of the mitten is a huge plus. It's hard to keep hands warm when snow sneaks in.
2.Look at mittens that have some type of water-resistant or waterproof capabality. Keep in mind that when gloves get wet, the hands inside get cold.
3.Think about purchasing mittens that have an inner glove or mitten. An extra layer contributes to warmth without adding much bulk. And the mittens dry more easily if the liner pulls out.
4.Check the other special features of the mittens. Some have a pouch that hold heat packets for those especially cold days.
5.Weigh the cost of an excellent pair of mittens versus that of an average pair of mittens. Remember that, like socks in a dryer, mittens seem to easily lose their partners. 
Tips: Attaching a long string to the ends of both mittens may be old-fashioned, but for younger children it helps alleviate the lost glove problem. 

How to Practice Self-Massage for Runners

1.Start with the feet. Soak the feet first in warm-to-hot sudsy water for about 30 minutes. Use a cream or petroleum jelly as you massage, especially if you tend to develop calluses or blisters when running. Don't forget the toes.
2.Use your thumbs to apply direct pressure to any tender area of your heels, pushing hard for up to 15 seconds at a time. Also, try deep friction massage by moving your thumbs back and forth with strong pressure.
3.Massage your Achilles tendons by sitting in a chair with your legs crossed.
4.Massage the calf muscles with kneading or compression. Sit down and cross your legs so you can comfortably reach any sore areas.
5.Apply firm pressure up and down the backs and fronts of your thighs, working tender spots with your thumbs and fingers and using deep friction to increase circulation.
6.Use finger and thumb pressure and light friction up and down the muscles in the back of your neck and across your shoulders. Move your head from side to side and shrug your shoulders to relax the area. 
Try to do self-massage regularly after every run, or at least after every hard workout. It's most effective this way.
See a specialist if you feel persistent pain in your muscles or joints. 
Overall Warnings: If you have any condition that would impair or limit your ability to engage in physical activity, please consult a physician before attempting this activity. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment. 

How to Open a Nursery or Garden Center

1.Have a love of flowers, plants and trees.
2.Learn as much as you can about horticulture (the art or science of growing flowers, plants, vegetables and trees). Take classes at local colleges.
3.Get a job with a nursery or landscaping company. This will give you an insider's look at the business.
4.Establish a place of business. If you will be selling plants and trees, you will need plenty of room. An acre may be sufficient to house your merchandise.
5.Buy or grow your merchandise. Trees can take a year or more to get to a decent size to transplant.
6.Contact the city or county department that handles business licenses and request an application.
7.Inquire as to what other requirements there are for opening a business. You may be required to provide insurance or have to follow certain restrictions for the area.
8.Contact the Franchise Tax Board to get a wholesale permit, if required. This will allow you to purchase goods without paying tax if they are to be used in your business.
9.Make a business plan. You'll need to have all of the aspects of opening and running the business worked out for the short and long term.
1..Get financing. Unless you have a lot of money lying around, you will need to borrow money to build.
1..Advertise your new business. Highlight special times of the year to plant certain plants and trees to attract business. Create an incentive offer for frequent planters.
1..Offer home services such as planting, garden care and lawn care. 
Consider the climate where you live and plan to do business. If it gets very cold for several months of the year, this type of business may not do as well.
Learn which plants, trees and shrubs thrive in your climate, and sell those. 
Warnings: Beware that severe weather can dramatically affect your plants, trees and livelihood.   

How to Select a Safe Day Care Provider

1.Select a licensed provider. Although many facilities that are not licensed give excellent care, choosing one with a license is just one more safety check to give you peace of mind.
2.Visit the National Resource Center for Health and Safety in Child Care's Web site for the health and safety regulations for child care facilities in your state.
3.Call (800) 598-KIDS to find out what agency sets the regulations in your state. Contact that agency to learn more about what requirements the provider has met.
4.Make sure that there have been no complaints against the provider filed by other parents.
5.Ask the provider for references you can call. Talk to other parents to find out how satisfied they are.
6.Do your own background check on the facility and staff. Ask for their credentials and check to be sure they are correct.
7.Ask neighbors of the facility what they think of the place.
8.Question the provider about what steps have been taken to ensure students will be safe in the event of a fire.
9.Ask to sit in and watch the staff interact with students before making up your mind. Do this a few times. A good facility will be comfortable with this and will have nothing to hide. 
Tips: Be on the lookout for any changes in your child's behavior that could indicate a problem exists.   

How to Become a Sociologist

1.Work toward receiving your bachelor's degree as the first step. Become proficient in survey methods, statistics and all related computer software programs. Include courses that will polish your writing and research skills.
2.Find out early on about internships at research companies or government agencies. You will eventually work for these types of employers.
3.Decide on your specialty. Consult with those who work as sociologists in the area you are considering.
4.Get a master's degree if you want to do any type of applied research or teach in a community college. Visit the Graduate School Programs Web site (see Related Sites), and send for catalogs and applications.
5.Apply only to graduate schools that are known for their sociology research.
6.Aim to receive a Ph.D. eventually, if you wish to become influential in research institutes or government agencies.
7.Apply for certification by the Sociological Practice Association (SPA) if you choose clinical or applied sociology as your specialty (see Related Sites). 
Lean to love computers and statistics and keep abreast of new software programs.
Expect to write numerous articles, and even some books, as a part of this career.   

How to Drive Safely in Rain

1.Confirm that your windshields and windows are clean, both inside and out, before driving. Clear your interior windows regularly of smoke residue if you're a smoker.
2.Check headlights, taillights, brake lights and turn signals. Make sure the windshield wiper motor is functioning and that both wiper blades are not worn down or split.
3.Turn on your headlights along with your wipers whenever it starts raining.
4.Drive slower than the speed limit in bad conditions.
5.Keep a greater-than-normal distance from the car ahead of you to compensate for poor braking conditions.
6.Pull over when it's raining so hard you can't see the edge of the road or other vehicles. Rest areas, roadside malls and restaurants are the best places to stop until the deluge desists. 
Tips: Many states require motorists to turn on their headlights when it's raining and when visibility is less than 500 feet. Check with your Department of Motor Vehicles or consult a traffic officer if you're not sure about your state's policies on wet-weather driving. 

How to Teach Your Dog Not to Jump

Stop Your Pet From Jumping on People
1.Be consistent with puppies and dogs; it's counterproductive to discourage your dog from jumping on others, while allowing her to jump on you and lick your face.
2.Turn all the way around when you first walk in the door and your dog leaps up on you.
3.Wait until your dog stops jumping, and say "Good!" the moment she does.
4.Command your pup to sit if she knows the command, and don't touch her until she does. Again, be consistent.
5.Tell your dog to find her toy if she doesn't know "sit." This redirects your pup's energy from jumping on you to finding her toy.
6.Practice "no jump" with friends once your dog learns not to pounce on you. Have friends give treats and praise when your dog succeeds.
7.Anticipate potential jumping situations, and tell your dog to sit or redirect her attention to something else.
8.Praise your dog when she doesn't jump, especially during situations that might give her reasonable cause. 
Stop Your Dog From Jumping on Furniture

9.Take your pup off the furniture and say "Off!" Teach your puppy early on that you do not favor her sitting on the furniture.
1..Be consistent. It's important that you don't allow your dog to jump up on furniture one day and then punish her the next time she jumps on the couch.
1..Try not to leave food on the countertops and tables. These are temptations that a dog in training cannot resist.
1..Limit your pup's roaming area to places that don't have furniture with nesting qualities if your dog jumps on furniture while you're gone.
1..Consult a pet behaviorist if the behavior persists.   

How to Audition a Drummer

1.Invite your prospective drummer to an audition. Make sure the other members of your band are present.
2.Choose an appropriate location for your audition, preferably the place where your combo meets for rehearsals. (Be sure the place is soundproof.)
3.Make sure a complete drum set is available at the location. Include a snare drum, high hat, bass drum, tom-tom, cymbals, drumsticks, pedals and possibly other percussion instruments like congas.
4.Give your drummer time to relax, warm up and try out the drum set if he is not familiar with it.
5.Have your band play a few songs from your repertoire and have the drummer join in from the beginning.
6.If you are the person who is hiring, quit playing for a while, take a back seat and just listen to what the drummer is doing.
7.Listen to whether the drummer is able to keep time on a steady 4/4 (1-2-3-4) rhythm. This is a basic requirement.
8.Listen to determine if he or she comes down exactly on the "1" beat of each measure.
9.Listen whether he can keep up with the tempo and doesn't drag or speed.
1..Determine if the drummer can change the dynamics of his playing appropriately and can show a wide range between very loud and very soft.
1..Find out whether the drummer pays attention to what the other musicians are doing and can adapt to every subtle change in tempo, rhythm and feel of a song.
1..Listen to whether the drummer knows how to add dramatic elements that fit in well with the music.
1..Rehearse a variety of songs in different tempos and moods and see how the drummer adapts to different styles.
1..Watch if he knows all the instruments at his disposal and uses them at exactly the right time.
1..Try more complex rhythms like 5/4 or 7/8 if your music requires it, and see if the drummer knows how to play them right.
1..Make sure the drummer does more than just bang on his drums. Find out if he has the right feel for the different "voices" in his percussion set.
1..Watch and listen to how well the drummer interacts with the bassist. If those two hit it off together musically, you'll have a good, solid rhythmic foundation for your music - something the rest of the band can rely upon.   

How to Make Roasted Fish

1.Preheat an oven to 425 degrees F. Oil a baking dish large enough to fit the entire fish.
2.Season the fish lightly with salt and pepper. Image a.)
3.Bake the fish 8 to 10 minutes per inch of thickness, or about 40 minutes.
4.Baste the fish once or twice with melted butter. Image b.)
5.Test for doneness. Make a slit near the bone with a knife and see if the fish is flaky and cooked through. Image c.) click photos to enlarge  
Try stuffing the fish with a combination of sautéed onions, celery, bread crumbs, parsley and marjoram.
Substitute snapper for sea bass, if desired.   

How to Use a Power Strap on Telemark Boots

1.Purchase two power straps from a ski store or ski Web site. The straps cost less than $20 each, and you'll need one for each boot. They are long nylon straps with a loop at one end and velcro on the other.
2.Put on your telemark boots.
3.Wrap the power straps 1/2 inch below the top of the boot.
4.Situate the loop so that it is on the edge of the boot's tongue.
5.Slide the velcro end through the loop and double the strap back across the tongue of the boot.
6.Pull the strap tight and velcro it together. The strap will tighten the boot across the boot tongue and your ankle. If your foot feels uncomfortable, the strap is too tight. If you notice no difference in the tightness of the boot on your ankle, the strap is too loose.
7.Fasten the strap on the opposite boot.
8.Go telemark skiing.  
Tips: A tight boot around the ankle will quickly relay the motion of the ankle flex to the boot. This will decrease the time it takes to pressure the boot and ski, and will result in more control while skiing.  
Warnings: Telemark skiing is a physically demanding sport that could result in serious injury. We recommend that you seek proper training and equipment before attempting this activity.