How to Exercise Safely During Pregnancy

1.Start slowly. If you had an established exercise routine prior to becoming pregnant, you can continue with your same routine, making minor adjustments as the pregnancy progresses. If you are starting a routine to stay fit during pregnancy, you should start very slowly and be careful not to overexert yourself. Start with 20 to 30 minutes of slow walking three or four times a week. As you get stronger, build the intensity of your walk gradually and add pregnancy workout moves.
2.Stretch your body gently before and after exercise to avoid soreness. Do some arm circles by holding your arms straight out and rotating them in circles. Do some standing side lunges to stretch your legs. Slowly bend at your sides to stretch your sides and back.
3.Listen to your body. Never exercise to the point of exhaustion. If you become short of breath, your body is telling you that you lack oxygen. If you feel pain or cramping, your body is telling you to slow down and not push so hard.
4.Take frequent breaks. When you become winded, stop and drink some water. Sit down until you can breathe at a normal rate.
5.Never exercise in extremely hot weather.
6.Avoid lying flat on your back, especially past the first trimester. Lying in the supine position will cause your expanding uterus to press against your spinal cord, limiting blood flow.
7.Weight train only the upper body and arms. Avoid weight training that strains your back or pelvic area.  
Avoid contact sports and activities that quickly change your center of gravity.
Try pregnancy yoga classes.
Wear good exercise shoes to help support your back and ankles.
Buy a pregnancy exercise magazine for some good prenatal workouts.
Eat a healthy diet. Pack on the carbohydrates. Exercise burns carbohydrates faster, so replenish your body frequently. 
Warnings: Consult your doctor before starting any exercise routine during pregnancy. 

How to Buy Binoculars as a Gift

1.Determine what purpose the binoculars might be used for. Binoculars used for general purposes don't have to be as finely crafted as binoculars for birding.
2.Decide on your price range. Decent binoculars start at under $100 and can run as high as $1,500.
3.Consider the weight and bulk of the binoculars, especially if they'll have to be packed for use while traveling.
4.Make sure the binoculars you choose can be used by a person wearing eyeglasses, if applicable.
5.Be sure the binoculars have coated lenses.
6.Choose an appropriate magnifying power. (See "How to Choose Binoculars.")
7.Look through the binoculars yourself to be sure you're satisfied with the ease of focus, brightness and field of view.
8.Ask about warranties and return policies.
9.Shop around. You can save a great deal of money by checking prices at discount camera or optics outlets. 
If the binoculars are going to be used in a location where they may become wet or catch sea spray, consider purchasing rubber-armored binoculars.
Binoculars come with the strap put on by the manufacturer, but these straps sometimes are not comfortable to wear around the neck. Look for a more comfortable strap at a camera or optics store. 
Warnings: Birders are especially fussy about the binoculars they use. Unless your birder friend is a beginner, it's better to leave the choice up to the birder and not take a chance on buying binoculars that won't be used. 

How to Build a Sailboat Racing Program

1.Join a yacht club. This is your first step to meeting others who can help you with your racing agenda.
2.Talk to your local class or Pacific Handicap Racing Fleet (PHRF) president and request a rules book and schedule.
3.Decide on a practice and race schedule that will help you meet your goal of having fun, sailing with family and friends or winning at all costs.
4.Recruit crew based on your goals and select them for their skill level at various positions, their disposition or their value to your team (maybe they always bring good beer?).
5.Mail, e-mail or telephone your crew often to keep them informed and committed to your program.
6.Practice often with a full crew so that when race day comes there are no surprises.
7.Be organized so that when your crew shows up on race day the boat is in working order, you have the necessary sails and hardware and there are enough beverages and food for everyone.
8.Debrief with your crew after the race and talk about what’s coming up next. Give them something to look forward to. 
Require commitment from your crew. A tactician who can make one major regatta but will miss others is not a good choice.
Treat your crew to whatever you can, but don’t just spend money to show off. If you ask your crew they will likely tell you they sail for the challenge, to be outdoors, for the laughs or for the social interaction. Rarely will people sail for money, free food and drink, or cool jackets. All three? Well, O.K. 

How to Furnish a Fisher-Price Dollhouse

1.Know that the Loving Family Dollhouse comes with only a few pieces of furniture.
2.Look at the selection of Fisher-Price dollhouse furnishings available online or at your local toy store.
3.Understand that each set of furniture is priced under $15.
4.Consider buying the Surprise Breakfast-in-Bed Set, which contains a bed, nightstand and tray. Compare this to the Jumpin' on the Bed Set, which has a bouncy bed with real sounds and a desk.
5.Realize there is a Dining Room Set and a Bathtime Fun Set to further furnish the house.
6.Buy the Family Night at the Movies Set and you'll get a couch, TV and VCR that puts images on the TV when pressed. The Newborn Nursery Set comes with a soother, crib, rocking chair, changing table and toys.
7.Purchase the Car and Camper Set or the Family Vacation Camper to further complete the dollhouse.
8.Be sure to get the Holiday Fun Set, which includes place mats, cups and napkins for Christmas, Halloween and Valentine's Day. This set is only $5.
9.Make note of how big the dollhouse is and understand that, if you buy all the available furniture, it probably won't fit inside the dollhouse.
1..Order from the shopping list below or from your favorite store. 
Consider buying some additional family members. The dollhouse comes with a mom, dad, baby and puppy. You can also buy a babysitter, brother and sister, grandparents and ballet friends.
Remember that the dollhouse and furnishings are for children ages 3 and up.
Know that furniture and dolls for the Playskool dollhouse will work in the Fisher-Price dollhouse; they're just about the same size.   

How to Rent Through a Management Company

1.Become familiar with management companies in your area. You may notice company signs in front of rental properties or find their names in rent guides, the yellow pages or on the Internet.
2.Check the local newspaper ads for available rentals.
3.Do some research on the companies that interest you. Check Web sites to learn about what kinds of properties each company offers, and if possible, ask current renters their opinions of the management company and its properties.
4.Call a few management companies to discuss what you're looking for, and learn what properties are available. Schedule appointments to view properties.
5.Look at each rental carefully to assess the overall accommodations and to note any damage. Be sure to do the sniff test to check for any leftover odors from pets.
6.Sign and date a walk-through list that details the condition of the property. Include photos of anything that is not as it should be to document that the condition existed prior to your moving in. Sign and have the management property representative sign and date the back of the pictures to remove any doubt. Ask the representative or manager about repairing damage you see, and discuss company guidelines for general and emergency maintenance.
7.Get the agreement of the repairs and the terms of the lease in writing. A written agreement lets the company know what you expect from them. It lets you know how the company is obligated to you. 
Contact company offices as opposed to specific properties. By working with someone who is familiar with all the company's properties, you may get better and more complete service.
Be clear about what you need out of a rental when talking to management companies. This is the best way to help them help you.
By having the terms and conditions of the lease in black and white, you will best be able to ensure your expectations will be met. 
Making a profit is the goal of management companies. It's important to remember that the property manger is looking out for the interests of the owner, not the tenant.
Find out from the current tenant if a run-down property has gone without improvement while under a particular company's management. If more than six months have passed since repair work was done, back away from the deal. This means the company has a strategy to give owners a return and make a profit for the business by neglecting capital improvements.
Make sure the company will rectify any damages marked in the walk-through done when the previous tenant moved out. Some of the companies that cater to the low-rent or college-student crowd keep security deposits but don't use the money for repairs.   Steps:
1.Require prospective tenants to complete written rental applications with their credit history, employment status and names of former landlords.
2.Consider charging rental application fees to cover the costs of running credit checks on prospective tenants.
3.Verify the applicant's employment status and bank information by contacting employers and financial institutions.
4.Contact former landlords to check on the applicant's payment record as a tenant.
5.Order credit reports on applicants from a major credit reporting company such as Equifax or Trans Union to verify their credit history and possible evictions or convictions.
6.Contact an agency that specializes in screening tenants, such as National Tenant Network, to receive reports on the applicant's payment history as a tenant. 
Tips: A prospective tenant's credit history is a good indication of future ability to assume financial responsibility. 
Warnings: Avoid discrimination complaints by selecting applicants based on their financial history rather than gender, race or other discriminatory factors. 

How to Make a Papier-Mâché Pumpkin

1.Make papier-mâché paste (see the Related Hows).
2.Cut newspaper into strips, 2 inches wide.
3.Blow up the balloon to the size of the pumpkin.
4.Tie off the balloon with a long string so you can hang the pumpkin to dry.
5.Create the stem by placing a 2-inch piece of cardboard from a roll of paper towels on top of the balloon. Attach it with paper strips coated with paste.
6.Dip one strip of paper in the paste at a time.
7.Apply each strip to the balloon until the balloon is covered. The more layers you apply, the stronger the finished pumpkin will be.
8.Place the papier-mâché pumpkin on a flat surface covered with newspapers to dry. Push it down so that the bottom flattens out a little. You may need to brace the pumpkin so that it stays upright.
9.Let the pumpkin dry for 24 hours.
1..Insert a needle into the base of the balloon until you hear a pop.
1..Paint the pumpkin's body orange and the stem brown.
1..Cut green leaves from construction paper and glue them to the stem.
1..Paint eyes or add wiggly eyes. 
For an authentic look, cut a piece of flexible grapevine and weave it around your pumpkin. Hot glue the end of the vine to the stem of the pumpkin.
Cover your work area with lots of newspaper or a drop cloth. This is a very messy craft.   

How to Create an Identity as a Gay Male Couple

1.Make it a special event when you introduce your partner to your family or friends.
2.Select an introduction activity that provides everyone with a balance between the informal process of becoming acquainted and the formal structure of, for example, going to a movie or athletic event.
3.Tell the story about how you and your partner met. Repeat the story often and use your story as the starting point for your identity as a couple.
4.Inform family and friends of the date you and your partner consider to be your anniversary.
5.Organize a ceremony or ritual in which you and your partner exchange vows in front of family and friends. This event may be as large and formal or as small and intimate as you and your partner desire.
6.Celebrate your relationship by regularly hosting informal social events where friends and family see you and your partner working together as a couple.
7.Register your relationship with your local government if domestic partnerships are recognized.
8.Talk to the benefits department at your place of employment to see if your employer provides benefits for domestic partners.
9.Attend work-related social events as a couple, if this is comfortable for the two of you.
1..Recognize the birthdays, anniversaries, births or special occasions of friends and family by sending cards signed by both of you.  
Tips: Document your life together as partners. Take pictures, create annual rituals and celebrate your relationship with friends. All these combine to create a sense of identity for your relationship.  
Warnings: Families may or may not provide you and your partner with emotional support for your relationship. Identify and cultivate friendships with people who will support your relationship.    

How to Create a Web Page Using Netscape Composer

1.Start Netscape Composer and select New from the File menu.
2.Choose Blank Page to create a page from scratch. Choose Template to create a page based on an existing page or template. Select Page Wizard for detailed, step-by-step instructions.
3.Follow the directions for Template or Page Wizard. If you chose a blank page, use the toolbar or menu commands to insert elements into the Web page.
4.Format the Web page properties by choosing Page Colors and Properties from the Format menu.
5.Choose Save from the File menu to save the completed page. Enter the title of the page if you haven’t already named it in the properties. Click OK.
6.Click on the Preview button on the toolbar to view the page in the Netscape Navigator browser. 
Download templates from Netscape’s Web Page Templates page.
Once you have created a Web page you like, you can use it as the basis for other pages. Simply choose Template and locate the Web page when creating a new page. So you might want to create a blank page with all the background elements for your site first, then use that as the basis for additional pages.    

How to Resize Columns in a Microsoft Access Table

Resizing by Dragging
1.Open your database file in Microsoft Access.
2.Use the F11 key to open the Database window.
3.Click on the Table tab, then click Open. A listing of tables appears.
4.Select the table you want to modify, then click Open.
5.Click in the label or title of the column that you want to resize.
6.Move your cursor to the edge of the column. The cursor turns into a cross shape.
7.When the cursor is a cross, grab the edge of the column and drag it to the width you want. 
Resizing From the Format Menu

8.With your table open, click in the label or title of the column that you want to resize.
9.Select Column Width from the Format menu in the toolbar.
1..Enter the exact width that you want the column to be. Alternatively, select Best Fit, which adjusts for the column's content.  
Tips: If you set the width at a standard size, the column will appear at that size regardless of the data that you enter.   

How to Custom Decal a Model

Choosing Decals
1.Go for the race car look - choose a set of decals so your Ford Taurus will look like Dale Jarrett's championship winner.
2.Use decals on sports car and dragster models as well.
3.Try for the classic car appearance - the '57 Thunderbird or one of the venerable Corvettes.
4.Reach further back and trim out a model of a 1928 Ford 3-Window Coupe.
5.Enhance the models of hard-working trucks - fire engines, ambulances, tow trucks, 18-wheelers - with decals.
6.Mimic the elegant trim and paint of classic ocean liners through the use of decals.
7.Look for special decals and striping to finish off models of sailing ships with their brass trim.
8.Remember, there's no substitute for decals in completing the miniature replica look of a warship. Navy vessels from around the world are identified by numbers.
9.Trim out historical navy ship models in camouflage decals. Go for accuracy when choosing and applying decals.
1..Apply decals to military aircraft models that are relevant to a specific event. Aircraft used during the great D-Day landing at Normandy were identified by three white stripes around the fuselage and wings.
1..Choose "nose art" - especially for World War II-era aircraft models.
1..Remember that modern jet fighters and other military aircraft are normally painted in low-visibility, blue-gray with trim and identifying numbers in a darker shade.
1..Get dramatic with models of the U.S.A.F. Thunderbirds or U.S. Navy Blue Angels. Both air demonstration teams have their aircraft painted and trimmed in vibrant colors. 
Applying Decals

1..Wait until the model's paint finish has dried a full 24 hours before applying decals.
1..Start by cleaning the area on your model where the decal is to be applied. Dish detergent or rubbing alcohol should work nicely.
1..Soak a water-slide decal until it can be moved with a very gentle touch.
1..Plan carefully the point of application - a water-slide decal can only be moved a few millimeters.
1..Rub the decal gently with a rounded pen end while it's moist to remove bubbles.
1..Use a needle point to release air from bubbles produced as the decal dries and sets, and then seal with clear lacquer.
2..Try soaking a self-adhesive decal in soapy water before application. The solution will lubricate the surface sufficiently to allow you to position the decal, but the decal should still adhere after it dries.
2..Seal dry-transfer decals with a clear-coat paint.
2..Hide the edge of decals on tires by applying a coat of clear gloss paint to the tire first, letting it dry, and then applying the decal. Next, apply a second coat of clear gloss over the decal and the rest of the tire. 
Tips: Some hobbyists suggest lightly misting the area of decal application with glass cleaner, applying the decal, and then seating and positioning. Use this technique only after experimenting on your model with a piece of scrap plastic. 
Overall Tips:
Water-slide decals are the thinnest of types available, but require care and patience in their application.
Decal possibilities are nearly limitless. Enthusiasts can computer-scan images, manipulate them in size and shape, and then print the results on proper stock.
You may be able to replicate some very small decals with a fine paintbrush.
Practice and patience are the keys to success.